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: 28.01.2012
: 247
: 8
: 265



, , .

, 01 2012 . 21:44 +
"Make everything as simple as possible, but not simpler".
Albert Einstein

"Its simple and its plain,
Why should I complain?.." Abba

> SIMPLE - [sɪmpəl] - 1. ()
2. ,
3. -

> ORDINARY [ɔ:rdənerɪ]
1) , ; ;
2) , ,

> EASY - [i:zɪ]

> COMMON - [kɒmən]
, , ; ., " "

> PLAIN - [pleɪn] - :
=evident [evədənt] -
, , ; , , (-)

> MERE - [mɪər]
2. , , ,
simple explanation
- simple / plain dress
plain living
( ) simple folk, homely / unpretentious people
- to make one's meaning plain
- plain home-cooked meals
- plain stupidity
- mere mortal
- mere nobody
simple person
unaffected manners
, for the simple reason that
in an ordinary way
in ordinary
out of the ordinary
simple-mindedness - ,
simple-hearted - ,
. simple / elementary substance
a simple majority of votes
(.) simple reproduction
(.) simple sentence
The colours and scents make the flowers more easy to find. .
You mount by six easy steps. .
It is easy to make a solitude and call it peace. "".
The middle class sprang into full being as a link between the nobility and the common people. .
Give me some plain water, please ( , ).
The facts are plain to see. .
It's plain to everyone that she will never return. , .
It's perfectly plain that they will resist. .
In Poland, the faith has always meant more than mere religion. , .
His books are very mean and ordinary. .




, 01 2012 . 21:47 +
Sacrifice.Destiny.Choice - . . .
A Gift. A Curse. A Destiny. - . . .
Take the dare! - !

combat - [kəmbæt] - ,
warrior - [wɔ:rɪər] - , ,
fury -[fjʋrɪ] - , , ,
breed - [bri:d] - , ,
Behaviour - [bɪheɪvjər] - , (.)
Attitude - [ætɪtu:d] - , ,
mischief - [mɪstʃɪf] - , , , ; 2. , , ,
guardian - [gɑ:rdɪən] - , , ;
Justice - [dʒʌstɪs] - ,
a few - ; few - , ;
rest of - ()
beast - [bi:st] - , , ,
spawn - , (.)
revenge - [rɪvendʒ] - , ,

immortal - [ɪmɔ:rtəl] - ,
inner - , ,

incredible - [ɪnkredəbəl] - , , , , ,
fabulous - [fæbjələs] - , , , ; 2. ,
consumed - [kənsu:md] - , ;
blind - [blaɪnd] - , ; ;

to protect - [prətekt] - , ,
to unleash - [ʌnli:ʃ] - ; ,
to reveal - [rɪvi:l] - , , ,
to wage - [weidʒ] - (.) (); 2. (); ( -.) 3. ,
to dare - [deər] - , , ,
immortal fame\glory - \
Many a little makes a mickle. - " "
x_cb346559 (500x550, 75Kb)



Pain, ache, pangs & hurt.

, 01 2012 . 21:54 +
Pain, ache, pangs & hurt - , . , .

1. PAIN - [peɪn]
1. (2. , , )
to feel / have a pain
to relieve pain [rɪli:v]
Pain , , ; , .

2. ACHE [eik]
to ache - , (=),

headache [hedeɪk]
toothache [tu:Ɵeɪk]
bones ache -
ache a little -

- ache ; , .
Ache - : the ache of loneliness

3. ANGUISH [æŋgwɪʃ]
, , ; ;
anguish of body and mind -

4. HURT- [hɜ:rt]
, ,, ,

to hurt - ;
to hurt deeply -
to hurt smb.'s feelings - , -; -

5. PANG [pæŋ]
1) , ()
2) (pangs) , ,

pangs of envy
pangs of conscience
pangs of remorse .
raging pain -
nagging pain -
on pain of death, under pain of death -
It's a sharp pain -
acute pain - [əkju:t]
dull pain -
great pain -
pain in the inside -
severe [intense, violent, bad] pains - (.)
painful problem -
painful surprise -
to hurt badly / seriously
to hurt slightly
painful - [peɪnfəl] - , ,
, , , ,

Please, do something for the pain - , - -
My son is hurt. -
The news of your misfortune panged me to the innermost of my heart. .
It hurts me to see her ruin her life. , .
My hand still hurts. .
I am sorry my news caused you such pain. , .
with a dull pain of despair in his heart ()
with an ache in ones heart
with a pang of disappointment .
mental anguish
with a heavy heart
painfully familiar



To Involve.

, 01 2012 . 22:00 +
to involve - [ɪnvɒlv] - ; ;
1) , ,
2) ,
4) ; ( -.);
5) ( , ), (-.), (-.)
6) ,
7) , (include)

involved - [ɪnvɒlvd]
- ,
- ,
- ()
to involve smb. in a project -.
involved in debt -
involved reasoning -
involved mechanism -
get involved - ,
to become involved with smth. -.
emotionally involved with
to promote those general ideas which involve the destiny of the human race ,
We must not further involve the text; it is intricate enough already. ; .
The war involved a great increase in the national debt. .
The old castle was involved in mist. .
I got her involved in the planning. .




, 05 2012 . 22:22 +

>> - (), . <<
AIM - [eɪm] - , ; ;

chief aim ,
immediate aim
long-range aim
idealistic / lofty aims ,
to achieve one's aim
to take aim at smb. / smth. -. / -.
pursue one's object / aim

>> , ; , : <<

PURPOSE - [pɜ:rpəs] , ; ,
a man of purpose
a good purpose
to accomplish / achieve [ətʃi:v] / fulfill a purpose
to ponder the purpose of life
to work to good purpose ( )
sense of purpose -
all-purpose - ,
to the purpose - " ",
beside the purpose -
unity of purpose -
on purpose - ,
clear objective / purpose / aim
clearness of purpose
serve the purpose
with / for the sole / single purpose of

urpose " , , ()"
to the purpose , ,
from the purpose , ,
He answered him very far from the purpose. .
for (all) practical purposes - , ,

GOAL - [gəʋl] - , , ( , );
2. (.)
immediate goal
long-range / long-term goal
ultimate goal
to set a goal /
to achieve / attain / reach / realize a goal

INTENTION - [ɪntenʃən] - , , ; ,
every intention ,
no intention
honorable intentions
to announce / declare / state one's intention
to make one's intentions clear / -.
done without intention -
have the intention - (-.)

OBJECTIVE [əbdʒektɪv] (.) - ; ;
= objective point: ; ;
economic objective
long-range (long-run) objective
to attain / gain / win an objective
military objective

>> , , -.; <<
TARGET, [tɑ:rgɪt], mark - ()
hit the mark; hit the bull's eye
miss the mark;
wide of the mark
the blow went home
. bombing target
personnel target - ()
on target ,
off target ,
to aim at target
to fire at a target
a target for popular ridicule
an easy target for criticism
to hit / strike a target ,
target date
to meet / hit / realize the target general development targets
( "" - , .)
>>END -
the end justifies the means
to that end ,
to gain / accomplish / achieve one's ends
to suit one's own ends
with that end in view

URGE - [ɜ:rdʒ] - , , to feel an urge -. sudden urge irrepressible / irresistible urge She felt an urge to respond. .

It was our aim to complete the work before the end of the month. - .
She took careful aim at the intruder. - .
Blue was chosen as the uniform color largely for practical purposes. - .
It would only cause much loss of time to no purpose. - . She has every intention of accepting the invitation. - .
He used unscrupulous means to achieve his end. - .
We arranged the meeting for the purpose of preventing a strike. - .
(.) , ... :)



Phrasal Verbs - Thinking

, 09 2012 . 02:31 +
Phrasal Verbs - Thinking

1. To think carefully about an idea before making a decision is to _____________.
a. figure out
b. think over
c. chip in

2. To think of a suggestion, a solution or plan is to _____________.
a. come up with
b. come out with
c. come over

3. To think about something that has happened is to _____________.
a. run over
b. go over
c. go with

4. To create an idea, or plan using your imagination is to _____________.
a. work out
b. think over
c. think up

5. To stop yourself from thinking about something is to _____________.
a. think it out
b. bring it out
c. shut it out

6. To think of a very imaginative and not really possible plan is to _____________.
a. dream it up
b. go over it
c. come out with

7. To think about an idea, but not seriously is to _____________.
a. toy with it
b. dream about it
c. work it out

8. To find the answer to something through deep thinking is to _____________.
a. think it up
b. figure it out
c. play with it


Interhange. /Grammar Focus - Intermidiate level/

, 17 2012 . 22:29 +
1. Past tense.
Where were you born?
I was born in Argentina.
Were you born in Buenos Aires?
Yes, I was.
No, I wasn't. I was born in Cordoba.
When did you move to Los Angeles?
I moved here ten years ago. I didn't speak English.
Did you take English classes in Argentina?
Yes, I did. I took classes for a year.
No, I didn't. My aunt taught me at home.
2. Used to.
Used to refers to something to something that you regularly did in the past but don't anymore.
I used to be very messy, but now I'm very neat.
Did you use to collect things?
Yes, I used to collect comic books.
No, I didn't use to collect anything, but now I collect art.
What sports did you use to play?
I never used to play sports, but now I play tennis.
3. Adverbs of quantity.
With count nouns.
There too many cars.
There should be fewer cars.
We need more subway lines.
There aren't enough buses.
With noncount nouns.
There is too much traffic.
There should be less pollution.
We need more public transportation.
There isn't enough parking.
4. Indirect questions from Wh-questions.


Frasal verbs: PUT DOWN

, 04 2012 . 22:44 +

, ... to bear :)

1) Can you put me down at the next corner, please? — , .
> , ()

2) Put down whatever you're doing and join the party! — !
> , ()

3) You'd be surprised at the amount that boy can put down in a single day. — , , .
> (.) ( ); ;

4) I have put down over 100 eggs this winter. — .
> (-.)

5) Put down every word she says. — .

6) I'll take three boxes; would you put them down (to my account)? — ; ?
Put me down for £ 5. — 5 .
Put me down for a donation! — ( / )
> (-.)

7) to put down 10 % as a deposit — 10 % ( )
> ()

8) The troops put down the rebellion. — .
> , ,

10) Tom's latest book has been severely put down in the newspaper reports. — .
> (.) ,

11) Put down your expenditure. — .
> (); ()

12) He made an unkind remark, intended to put her down. — , .
> (.) ,

13) I put him down for a fool. — .
> (put down for) (-.), (-.), (-. / -.)

14) I put his bad temper down to his recent illness. — .
> (put down to) (-.), (-. / -.)

15) The pilot was able to put the damaged plane down safely. — .
> () ;
>, ()



, 09 2012 . 23:48 +

, ;
, , .
"Disgusting" ( ), "repulsive", "detestable" - - "offensive".

1) disgusting - [dɪs’gʌstɪŋ] - , , /

>disgusting! - !
> It's disgusting -
> You're disgusting! - !
> The weather is disgusting. - .

2) repulsive - [rɪ’pʌlsɪv] - 1. 2. , ,

3) detestable - ; , ,
> It is detestable to speak like that. — - .

4) offensive - [ə’fensɪv] - 1. 2. , ,
> offensive odour of garbage —
disgust -
1), , ,
> disgust at smth. — -.
> with / in disgust —
> to express / hide disgust — /
> to feel disgust —
> to fill smb. with disgust — -.
> to cause disgust -
> much to my disgust —
> to wrinkle (up) one's nose in disgust —
> He spoke with every evidence of disgust. — .



, 12 2012 . 20:03 +


, " ". , .
" " " ".

, , ?

1) - When pigs fly.
> "Just about as much right, as pigs have to fly." -The Duchess, Alice's Adventures in Wonderland
> I'll pay you back on Friday, I promise.' 'Yeah, and pigs might fly.

2) , - To wait till cows come home ( , - until the cows come home).
> We could talk about this problem until the cows come home, but it wouldn't solve anything.
> You can diet until the cows come home, and you still won't be a size 4.

3) - When hell freezes over.
[on a cold day in hell (in July)]
> They can talk until hell freezes over - they won't make me change my mind.
> I will fight for these children till hell freezes over (.. ).

4) - When the devil goes\is blind (),

5) , , , "Tomorrow never comes".
> When are you going to go to lunch with me? Jane: Tomorrow. Jill: Tomorrow never comes.

, in the very distant future if at all - probably never, describing an event that cannot possibly ever occur, .


, 13 2012 . 22:46 +


: "to annoy" vs "to irritate".

to annoy - [ə’nɔɪ]
(to displease, to bother)
, , ;
, , ,

to annoy greatly / much —
to be annoyed with smb. — , -.
annoyed - ,
> It annoyed me to be kept waiting so long. — , .
> It annoyed us that they took so long to answer. — , .
> These formalities always annoy me. — .
> Stop annoying the girl. — .

to irritate [’ɪrə‚teɪt]

1) , , ( "")
> He did not wish to irritate the enemy. — .

2) , , (= annoy)

3) ,

4) , ; (., .)

> be irritated -
Annoy irritate . , , .
, "annoy" - , , ; "irritate" , . .. \, "irritate".
> After all these years and the tabloids are still "speculating" over the scandal of <...>. It is very irritating.
> Your mouth is full, kindly stop talking and spitting food all over. It is very annoying.
, "annoy" , - , "irritate" - .





, 02 2012 . 20:11 +

English Articles
▷ ,
▷ the only same

▷ ,
▷ the ( + what which)
▶ A/AN
▷ , ,
▷ , ,
▷ one -
▷ , , .
▷ ,
▶ :
▷ , :
▷ , , , :
▷ ,
▷ , ,

▷ , , , :
▷ , , , , , , . ., :
▷ , ,



Business Idioms

, 02 2012 . 21:28 +

BUSINESS Idioms every day

Let's begin!

1)"across-the-board" = including everyone or everything
The computer company decided to give the workers an across-the-board increase in their salary.

2)"at a loss" = sell something and lose money
We were forced to sell the computers at a big loss.

3) "bail a company out" = help or rescue a company with financial problems.
The government decided to bail out the failing bank in order to maintain stability in the economy.

4) "bang for the buck" = value for the money spent
We were able to get a big bang for our buck when we advertised on the Internet.

5)"banker’s hours" = short work hours
My sister’s husband owns his own company and is able to work banker’s hours with his large staff.

6) "Bean-counter" = an accountant ()
We asked the bean-counters to look over the figures in the new budget.

7) big gun/cheese/wheel/wig = an important person, a leader
The new director was a big wheel in his previous company but is not so important now.

salary -
to advertise -
large staff -
to look over -
including - , ( , )



Phrasal Verbs List

, 17 2012 . 19:56 +

Phrasal Verbs List

Phrasal verbs are usually two-word phrases consisting of verb + adverb or verb + preposition. Think of them as you would any other English vocabulary. Study them as you come across them, rather than trying to memorize many at once. Use the list below as a reference guide when you find an expression that you don't recognize. The examples will help you understand the meanings. If you think of each phrasal verb as a separate verb with a specific meaning, you will be able to remember it more easily. Like many other verbs, phrasal verbs often have more than one meaning.

This list shows about 200 common phrasal verbs, with meanings and examples. Only the most usual meanings are given. Some phrasal verbs may have additional meanings.

As well as learning their meanings, you need to learn how to use phrasal verbs properly. Some phrasal verbs require a direct object (someone/something), while others do not. Some phrasal verbs can be separated by the object, while others cannot. Review this phrasal verbs grammar from time to time so that you don't forget the rules!

Verb Meaning Example
ask someone out invite on a date Brian asked Judy out to dinner and a movie.
ask around ask many people the same question I asked around but nobody has seen my wallet.
add up to something equal Your purchases add up to $205.32.
back something up reverse You'll have to back up your car so that I can get out.
back someone up support My wife backed me up over my decision to quit my job.
blow up explode The racing car blew up after it crashed into the fence.
blow something up add air We have to blow 50 balloons up for the party.
break down stop functioning (vehicle, machine) Our car broke down at the side of the highway in the snowstorm.
break down get upset The woman broke down when the police told her that her son had died.
break something down divide into smaller parts Our teacher broke the final project down into three separate parts.
break in force entry to a building Somebody broke in last night and stole our stereo.
break into something enter forcibly The firemen had to break into the room to rescue the children.
break something in wear something a few times so that it doesn't look/feel new I need to break these shoes in before we run next week.
break in interrupt The TV station broke in to report the news of the president's death.
break up end a relationship My boyfriend and I broke up before I moved to America.
break up start laughing (informal) The kids just broke up as soon as the clown started talking.
break out escape The prisoners broke out of jail when the guards weren't looking.
break out in something develop a skin condition I broke out in a rash after our camping trip.
bring someone down make unhappy This sad music is bringing me down.
bring someone up raise a child My grandparents brought me up after my parents died.
bring something up start talking about a subject My mother walks out of the room when my father brings up sports.
bring something up vomit He drank so much that he brought his dinner up in the toilet.
call around phone many different places/people We called around but we weren't able to find the car part we needed.
call someone back return a phone call I called the company back but the offices were closed for the weekend.
call something off cancel Jason called the wedding off because he wasn't in love with his fiancé.
call on someone ask for an answer or opinion The professor called on me for question 1.
call on someone visit someone We called on you last night but you weren't home.
call someone up phone Give me your phone number and I will call you up when we are in town.
calm down relax after being angry You are still mad. You need to calm down before you drive the car.
not care for someone/something not like (formal) I don't care for his behaviour.
catch up get to the same point as someone else You'll have to run faster than that if you want to catch up with Marty.
check in arrive and register at a hotel or airport We will get the hotel keys when we check in.
check out leave a hotel You have to check out of the hotel before 11:00 AM.
check someone/something out look at carefully, investigate The company checks out all new employees.
check out someone/something look at (informal) Check out the crazy hair on that guy!
cheer up become happier She cheered up when she heard the good news.
cheer someone up make happier I brought you some flowers to cheer you up.
chip in help If everyone chips in we can get the kitchen painted by noon.
clean something up tidy, clean Please clean up your bedroom before you go outside.
come across something find unexpectedly I came across these old photos when I was tidying the closet.
come apart separate The top and bottom come apart if you pull hard enough.
come down with something become sick My nephew came down with chicken pox this weekend.
come forward volunteer for a task or to give evidence The woman came forward with her husband's finger prints.
come from somewhere originate in The art of origami comes from Asia.
count on someone/something rely on I am counting on you to make dinner while I am out.
cross something out draw a line through Please cross out your old address and write your new one.
cut back on something consume less My doctor wants me to cut back on sweets and fatty foods.
cut something down make something fall to the ground We had to cut the old tree in our yard down after the storm.
cut in interrupt Your father cut in while I was dancing with your uncle.
cut in pull in too closely in front of another vehicle The bus driver got angry when that car cut in.
cut in start operating (of an engine or electrical device) The air conditioner cuts in when the temperature gets to 22°C.
cut something off remove with something sharp The doctors cut off his leg because it was severely injured.
cut something off stop providing The phone company cut off our phone because we didn't pay the bill.
cut someone off take out of a will My grandparents cut my father off when he remarried.
cut something out remove part of something (usually with scissors and paper) I cut this ad out of the newspaper.
do someone/something over beat up, ransack (Br.E., informal) He's lucky to be alive. His shop was done over by a street gang.
do something over do again (N.Amer.) My teacher wants me to do my essay over because she doesn't like my topic.
do away with something discard It's time to do away with all of these old tax records.
do something up fasten, close Do your coat up before you go outside. It's snowing!
dress up wear nice clothing It's a fancy restaurant so we have to dress up.
drop back move back in a position/group Andrea dropped back to third place when she fell off her bike.
drop in/by/over come without an appointment I might drop in/by/over for tea sometime this week.
drop someone/something off take someone/something somewhere and leave them/it there I have to drop my sister off at work before I come over.
drop out quit a class, school etc I dropped out of Science because it was too difficult.
eat out eat at a restaurant I don't feel like cooking tonight. Let's eat out.
end up eventually reach/do/decide We ended up renting a movie instead of going to the theatre.
fall apart break into pieces My new dress fell apart in the washing machine.
fall down fall to the ground The picture that you hung up last night fell down this morning.
fall out separate from an interior The money must have fallen out of my pocket.
fall out (of hair, teeth) become loose and unattached His hair started to fall out when he was only 35.
figure something out understand, find the answer I need to figure out how to fit the piano and the bookshelf in this room.
fill something in to write information in blanks (Br.E.) Please fill in the form with your name, address, and phone number.
fill something out to write information in blanks (N.Amer.) The form must be filled out in capital letters.
fill something up fill to the top I always fill the water jug up when it is empty.
find out discover We don't know where he lives. How can we find out?
find something out discover We tried to keep the time of the party a secret, but Samantha found it out.
get something across/over communicate, make understandable I tried to get my point across/over to the judge but she wouldn't listen.
get along/on like each other I was surprised how well my new girlfriend and my sister got along/on.
get around have mobility My grandfather can get around fine in his new wheelchair.
get away go on a vacation We worked so hard this year that we had to get away for a week.
get away with something do without being noticed or punished Jason always gets away with cheating in his maths tests.
get back return We got back from our vacation last week.
get something back receive something you had before Liz finally got her Science notes back from my room-mate.
get back at someone retaliate, take revenge My sister got back at me for stealing her shoes. She stole my favourite hat.
get back into something become interested in something again I finally got back into my novel and finished it.
get on something step onto a vehicle We're going to freeze out here if you don't let us get on the bus.
get over something recover from an illness, loss, difficulty I just got over the flu and now my sister has it.
get over something overcome a problem The company will have to close if it can't get over the new regulations.
get round to something finally find time to do (N.Amer.: get around to something) I don't know when I am going to get round to writing the thank you cards.
get together meet (usually for social reasons) Let's get together for a BBQ this weekend.
get up get out of bed I got up early today to study for my exam.
get up stand You should get up and give the elderly man your seat.
give someone away reveal hidden information about someone His wife gave him away to the police.
give someone away take the bride to the altar My father gave me away at my wedding.
give something away ruin a secret My little sister gave the surprise party away by accident.
give something away give something to someone for free The library was giving away old books on Friday.
give something back return a borrowed item I have to give these skates back to Franz before his hockey game.
give in reluctantly stop fighting or arguing My boyfriend didn't want to go to the ballet, but he finally gave in.
give something out give to many people (usually at no cost) They were giving out free perfume samples at the department store.
give something up quit a habit I am giving up smoking as of January 1st.
give up stop trying My maths homework was too difficult so I gave up.
go after someone follow someone My brother tried to go after the thief in his car.
go after something try to achieve something I went after my dream and now I am a published writer.
go against someone compete, oppose We are going against the best soccer team in the city tonight.
go ahead start, proceed Please go ahead and eat before the food gets cold.
go back return to a place I have to go back home and get my lunch.
go out leave home to go on a social event We're going out for dinner tonight.
go out with someone date Jesse has been going out with Luke since they met last winter.
go over something review Please go over your answers before you submit your test.
go over visit someone nearby I haven't seen Tina for a long time. I think I'll go over for an hour or two.
go without something suffer lack or deprivation When I was young, we went without winter boots.
grow apart stop being friends over time My best friend and I grew apart after she changed schools.
grow back regrow My roses grew back this summer.
grow up become an adult When Jack grows up he wants to be a fireman.
grow out of something get too big for Elizabeth needs a new pair of shoes because she has grown out of her old ones.
grow into something grow big enough to fit This bike is too big for him now, but he should grow into it by next year.
hand something down give something used to someone else I handed my old comic books down to my little cousin.
hand something in submit I have to hand in my essay by Friday.
hand something out to distribute to a group of people We will hand out the invitations at the door.
hand something over give (usually unwillingly) The police asked the man to hand over his wallet and his weapons.
hang in stay positive (N.Amer., informal) Hang in there. I'm sure you'll find a job very soon.
hang on wait a short time (informal) Hang on while I grab my coat and shoes!
hang out spend time relaxing (informal) Instead of going to the party we are just going to hang out at my place.
hang up end a phone call He didn't say goodbye before he hung up.
hold someone/something back prevent from doing/going I had to hold my dog back because there was a cat in the park.
hold something back hide an emotion Jamie held back his tears at his grandfather's funeral.
hold on wait a short time Please hold on while I transfer you to the Sales Department.
hold onto someone/something hold firmly using your hands or arms Hold onto your hat because it's very windy outside.
hold someone/somethingup rob A man in a black mask held the bank up this morning.
keep on doing something continue doing Keep on stirring until the liquid comes to a boil.
keep something from someone not tell We kept our relationship from our parents for two years.
keep someone/something out stop from entering Try to keep the wet dog out of the living room.
keep something up continue at the same rate If you keep those results up you will get into a great college.
let someone down fail to support or help, disappoint I need you to be on time. Don't let me down this time.
let someone in allow to enter Can you let the cat in before you go to school?
look after someone/something take care of I have to look after my sick grandmother.
look down on someone think less of, consider inferior Ever since we stole that chocolate bar your dad has looked down on me.
look for someone/something try to find I'm looking for a red dress for the wedding.
look forward to something be excited about the future I'm looking forward to the Christmas break.
look into something investigate We are going to look into the price of snowboards today.
look out be careful, vigilant, and take notice Look out! That car's going to hit you!
look out for someone/something be especially vigilant for Don't forget to look out for snakes on the hiking trail.
look something over check, examine Can you look over my essay for spelling mistakes?
look something up search and find information in a reference book or database We can look her phone number up on the Internet.
look up to someone have a lot of respect for My little sister has always looked up to me.
make something up invent, lie about something Josie made up a story about why we were late.
make up forgive each other We were angry last night, but we made up at breakfast.
make someone up apply cosmetics to My sisters made me up for my graduation party.
mix something up confuse two or more things I mixed up the twins' names again!
pass away die His uncle passed away last night after a long illness.
pass out faint It was so hot in the church that an elderly lady passed out.
pass something out give the same thing to many people The professor passed the textbooks out before class.
pass something up decline (usually something good) I passed up the job because I am afraid of change.
pay someone back return owed money Thanks for buying my ticket. I'll pay you back on Friday.
pay for something be punished for doing something bad That bully will pay for being mean to my little brother.
pick something out choose I picked out three sweaters for you to try on.
point someone/something out indicate with your finger I'll point my boyfriend out when he runs by.
put something down put what you are holding on a surface or floor You can put the groceries down on the kitchen counter.
put someone down insult, make someone feel stupid The students put the substitute teacher down because his pants were too short.
put something off postpone We are putting off our trip until January because of the hurricane.
put something out extinguish The neighbours put the fire out before the firemen arrived.
put something together assemble I have to put the crib together before the baby arrives.
put up with someone/something tolerate I don't think I can put up with three small children in the car.
put something on put clothing/accessories on your body Don't forget to put on your new earrings for the party.
run into someone/something meet unexpectedly I ran into an old school-friend at the mall.
run over someone/something drive a vehicle over a person or thing I accidentally ran over your bicycle in the driveway.
run over/through something rehearse, review Let's run over/through these lines one more time before the show.
run away leave unexpectedly, escape The child ran away from home and has been missing for three days.
run out have none left We ran out of shampoo so I had to wash my hair with soap.
send something back return (usually by mail) My letter got sent back to me because I used the wrong stamp.
set something up arrange, organize Our boss set a meeting up with the president of the company.
set someone up trick, trap The police set up the car thief by using a hidden camera.
shop around compare prices I want to shop around a little before I decide on these boots.
show off act extra special for people watching (usually boastfully) He always shows off on his skateboard
sleep over stay somewhere for the night (informal) You should sleep over tonight if the weather is too bad to drive home.
sort something out organize, resolve a problem We need to sort the bills out before the first of the month.
stick to something continue doing something, limit yourself to one particular thing You will lose weight if you stick to the diet.
switch something off stop the energy flow, turn off The light's too bright. Could you switch it off.
switch something on start the energy flow, turn on We heard the news as soon as we switched on the car radio.
take after someone resemble a family member I take after my mother. We are both impatient.
take something apart purposely break into pieces He took the car brakes apart and found the problem.
take something back return an item I have to take our new TV back because it doesn't work.
take off start to fly My plane takes off in five minutes.
take something off remove something (usually clothing) Take off your socks and shoes and come in the lake!
take something out remove from a place or thing Can you take the garbage out to the street for me?
take someone out pay for someone to go somewhere with you My grandparents took us out for dinner and a movie.
tear something up rip into pieces I tore up my ex-boyfriend's letters and gave them back to him.
think back remember (often + to, sometimes + on) When I think back on my youth, I wish I had studied harder.
think something over consider I'll have to think this job offer over before I make my final decision.
throw something away dispose of We threw our old furniture away when we won the lottery.
turn something down decrease the volume or strength (heat, light etc) Please turn the TV down while the guests are here.
turn something down refuse I turned the job down because I don't want to move.
turn something off stop the energy flow, switch off Your mother wants you to turn the TV off and come for dinner.
turn something on start the energy, switch on It's too dark in here. Let's turn some lights on.
turn something up increase the volume or strength (heat, light etc) Can you turn the music up? This is my favourite song.
turn up appear suddenly Our cat turned up after we put posters up all over the neighbourhood.
try something on sample clothing I'm going to try these jeans on, but I don't think they will fit.
try something out test I am going to try this new brand of detergent out.
use something up finish the supply The kids used all of the toothpaste up so we need to buy some more.
wake up stop sleeping We have to wake up early for work on Monday.
warm someone/something up increase the temperature You can warm your feet up in front of the fireplace.
warm up prepare body for exercise I always warm up by doing sit-ups before I go for a run.
wear off fade away Most of my make-up wore off before I got to the party.
work out exercise I work out at the gym three times a week.
work out be successful Our plan worked out fine.
work something out make a calculation We have to work out the total cost before we buy the house.

Br.E.: British English; N.Amer.: North American


"I" vs. "Me"

, 16 2012 . 20:04 +

"I" vs. "Me"

When do you use "I" and when do you use "me"?

It is a common occurrence to hear the incorrect usage of "I" and "me". This is one of the simplest grammar corrections.

"I" is a pronoun that must be the subject of a verb. "Me" is a pronoun that must be the object of the verb. The easiest way to decipher the two is to remove the other noun from the sentence and see if it still makes sense.

▶ Examples of the correct use of "I"Georgia and I went to the beach this weekend.[I went to the beach this weekend. (Me went to the beach this weekend doesn't make sense.)]
She and I have to make a cake.[I have to make a cake. She has to make a cake. (Her has to make a cake and me has to make a cake do not make sense.)]

▶ Examples of the correct use of "me"
Please come with Julia and me to the park.[Please come with me to the park. (Please come with I to the park doesn't make sense.)]
I heard the teacher talking about him and me.[I heard the teacher talking about me. I heard the teacher talking about him. (I heard the teacher talking about I, or I heard the teacher talking about he doesn't make sense.)]


15 Most Useful Phrasal Verbs

, 06 2012 . 00:50 +

15 Most Useful Phrasal Verbs

1. “Call off”: to stop–”call off the search”–and used when phoning in to work. “I called off today because I’m sick.”

2. “Look up”: search for. “I’ll go online and look up ‘phrasal verbs’.” “Look me up the next time you’re in town.”

3. “Get away with”: escape blame/punishment. “He sure got away with that”, or “the crook got away with 50 dollars”.

4. “Pull through”: used in discussing health–”The surgery was rough, but he pulled through”, or “the victim of the chicken attack pulled through with no lingering injuries”.

5. “Break up”: usually refers to relationships–”Fred and Matilda are going to break up”–but variations can be used to show an emotional state. “When Matilda dumped Fred, he was pretty broken up about it.”

6. “Blow out”: a tire flattens while driving–”Mel had a blowout on the way to work”–and it indicates a lopsided sports score. “It was a blowout; the Packers beat the Bears 24 to 3.” It is also used to indicate anger: “Ed broke Bob’s window, and Bob had a complete blowout when he saw it”.

7. “Give in/give up”: relent or surrender. “She didn’t want to go, but the kids pestered her until she gave in.” “The robber gave up when the cops cornered him.”

8. “Put up with”: endure, such as “Tom put up with many jokes when he rode his ostrich to work”.

9. “Look down on”: a person who feels superior to others is said to “look down on” them. “Dog owners sometimes look down on cat owners, which is silly, because cat owners sometimes look down on dog owners.”

10. “Turn into”: become something else–”caterpillars turn into butterflies”. It is also used in driving: “after you pass the park, turn into the school parking lot”.

11. “Carry on”: continue. “After the accident, the police told the bystanders to carry on.” It is also a rant–”when she spilled her milk, she carried on about it for hours”.

12. “Look after”: attend to–”babysitters look after children”, or “please look after that task I gave you”.

13. “Pass out”: faint–”Bennie became dizzy and passed out”–or “to give”: “Frankie passed out newspapers”.

14. “Put off”: postpone. “He put off painting and cut the grass first.” It is also used to describe an aversion: “Norm was stranded in the woods for 3 days with only a box of candy bars, so he’s put off by chocolate for now”.

15. “Look forward to”: anticipate. “I look forward to meeting with you,” or “kids look forward to the holidays”.



, 28 2013 . 19:53 +

buy-bought-bought ()
pay-paid-paid, ()
lay-laid-laid ()
think-thought-thought, ()
Smell-smelt-smelt ! ()

put-put-put ()
begin-began-begun ()
cut-cut-cut, ()
shut-shut-shut, ()
light-lit-lit, ()
hit-hit-hit. ()
ring-rang-rung ()
, , run-ran-run. ()
think-thought-thought, ()

Dig-dug-dug , ()
Come-came-come . ()
: "Go-went-gone, (, )

fight-fought-fought, (, )
catch-caught-caught. (, )
bring-brought-brought, ()
get-got-got. ()

bite-bit-bitten, ()
eat-ate-eaten, ()
learn-learnt-learnt ()
burn-burnt-burnt. ()

meet-met-met, ()
keep-kept-kept. ()
, lose-lost-lost, ()
cost-cost-cost. ()

fly-flew-flown. ()
grow-grew-grown. ()
, blow-blew-blown, ()
know-knew-known. ()

find-found-found ()

become-became-become. ()
Give-gave-given ()
feed-fed-fed ()
- !

let-let-let. ()

lead-led-led: ()
dwell-dwelt-dwelt , ()
lie-lay-lain, ()

break-broke-broken - ()
draw-drew-drawn, ()
Build-built-built - . ()

Show-showed-shown ! ()
"Shine-shone-shone, - . - ()
See-saw-seen ". ()
Say-said-said : ()
"Swim-swam-swum , ()
Spring-sprang-sprung ()

Read-read-read ()
Tell-told-told sing-sang-sung () ()

ride-rode-ridden ( )
Leap-leapt-leapt . (, )
take-took-taken, ()
mistake-mistook-mistaken, ()


Spell-spelt-spelt . ( )
Speak-spoke-spoken . ()
Sweep-swept-swept , ()
Hang-hung-hung . (, )
Throw-threw-thrown , (, )
Set-set-set , (, )
Shoot-shot-shot , , ()

Lend-lent-lent : ()
mean-meant-meant , ( , )
Sell-sold-sold , ()
Send-sent-sent . ()

Hear-heard-heard , ()
Feel-felt-felt , ()
Fall-fell-fallen , ()
Rise-rose-risen . (, )
Wear-wore-worn . ()
Write-wrote-written . ()
Have-had-had , ()
Win-won-won . ().

Drink-drank-drunk ()
forget-forgot-forgotten ()
have-had-had ()
do-did-done, ()
- fall-fell-fallen()
Write-wrote-written , ()
Ride-rode-ridden , ( )
break-broke-broken ()
bite-bit-bitten ()

sleep-slept-slept : ()
bear-bore-born. ()
Stand-stood-stood , ()
Shake-shook-shaken , ()
strike-struck-struck, ()
, , sink-sank-sunk. ()
Spend-spent-spent , ()
Freeze-froze-frozen . ()
Leave-left-left . (, )
Choose-chose-chosen , ()
dream-dreamt-dreamt, ()
hold-held-held. ()
wake-woke-woken, ()
Drink-drank-drunk , ()
Do-did-done , ()
Make-made-made . ()
Drive-drove-driven . ()
Hide-hid-hidden . (, )
hurt-hurt-hurt, ( )
, , .

dig-dug-dug, ()
Find-found-found ()

, , think-thought-thought, ()
Take-took-taken ()
, ,
Go-went-gone , ()

Drive-drove-driven , (, )
Eat-ate-eatten (, )
Fly-flew-flown , ()
Keep-kept-kept , ()
Spend-spent-spent , ()
Build-built-built .()
awake-awoke-awoked ()
speak-spoke-spoken, ()
Run-ran-run , ()
Find-found-found ... ()
hold-held-held. ()
wake-woke-woken, ()
Drink-drank-drunk , ()
Do-did-done , ()
Make-made-made . ()
Drive-drove-driven . ()
Hide-hid-hidden . (, )
hurt-hurt-hurt, ( )
, , .

dig-dug-dug, ()
Find-found-found ()

, , think-thought-thought, ()
Take-took-taken ()
, ,
Go-went-gone , ()

Drive-drove-driven , (, )
Eat-ate-eatten (, )
Fly-flew-flown , ()
Keep-kept-kept , ()
Spend-spent-spent , ()
Build-built-built .()
awake-awoke-awoked ()
speak-spoke-spoken, ()
Run-ran-run , ()
Find-found-found ... ()

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