Суббота, 01 Апреля 2017 г. 03:21
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This small section of the review (pp. 29-30) discusses the hypotheses for the location of the original Indo-European (formerly called Aryan) Homeland.
The author of the review doesn t go into it but these are the times of non-Indo-European Hattians, or "хатты" in Russian (en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hattians), which are even preceding Indo-European Hittites, or "хетты" in Russian, residing in Asia Minor (en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hittites). The Hattians were prominent approximately from 2500 B.C. till 1800 B.C., the Hittites - from 1800 B.C. to 1200 B.C.. At the same time, throughout the second millennium B.C., the Hurrians (en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hurrians), or "хурриты" in Russian, were all over the place creating several different kingdoms and apparently strongly influencing the Hittites. Their language, non-Indo-European as well, closely resembles Urartan language and is classified with it into one extinct family, Hurro-Urartian languages (en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hurro-Urartian_languages).
This is just a sample of how complicated the job of historians and linguists is in deciphering all the movements of people and languages. And this is only on or around the Armenian Highland. Now imagine the scope of the problem when ambitious scientists are trying to establish the Homeland of ALL Indo-Europeans and figure out the routes and chronology of their migrations. There is not (and I think will never be) a single unifying theory on the subject. I literally got a headache trying to understand the basics of different hypotheses. Here are the three Wikipedia sites that can give a general overview on Proto-Indo-Europeans and two main theories on their origins, the most accepted Kurgan hypothesis (yes, southern Russia is the homeland of Aryans!! *Maybe Rostov?* :)) and the alternative Anatolian hypothesis (no, it s not Armenia, it s more to the west):
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anatolian_hypothesisThe point is clear though: "...all these localizations are highly hypothetical. It is evident that modern science still cannot localize the Indo-European homeland", as correctly stated by Mr. Petrosyan (p. 29).