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Maya Peshkova. STANISLAV GOVORUKHIN PASSED AWAY ...

Четверг, 14 Июня 2018 г. 21:51 + в цитатник

Stanislav Govorukhin passed away ...

 

Thursday, June 14, 2018 18:23 + in the quote book

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At the 83rd year of his life, Stanislav Govorukhin, a famous Soviet and Russian actor and film director, died. 

Dozens of films, written by the script, directed and acted on by Stanislav Govorukhin, have become popular with the people. The secret is simple: they were made about ordinary people, such as they are, with their virtues and weaknesses.

Childhood and Parents

Stanislav Govorukhin was born in 1936 in the town of Berezniki in the Sverdlovsk Region (now the territory of the Perm Territory).

Father - Govorukhin Sergey Georgievich (1908-1938), a Don Cossack, was repressed in accordance with the directive of the Chairman of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee, Ya. M. Sverdlov, On Rasskazachivanii, died in Siberia.

The boy had never seen him.

Mother, Praskovya Afanasevna (died at the age of 52, was a seamstress. 

Great-grandfather was a blacksmith, and Grandfather Afanasy Trofimovich was a village teacher. Also Stanislav Sergeyevich's direct relatives are Zoya Ksenofontovna's grandmother and Inessa's sister.

Stanislav's childhood was spent in barracks, and everyday clothing was a military uniform, which was inherited from his uncle. The family sometimes moved to another place of residence.

The most vivid memories are the years of residence in the town of Tetyushi, which is near the bank of the Volga River. Beautiful places, fishing, floating steamers - what else is needed for happiness !? Although not all was rosy. Life was hard, food was often not enough.

What was Stanislav Govorukhin fond of at that time? Biography gives a clear answer: the cinema! There was a small cinema in the town, where films were constantly being played. The boy explored the building along and across. He was especially interested in why the actors who are on the screen can not be seen on the back side.

First education

Despite the fact that the mother herself raised children, she managed to give them a sufficient education. After school, the boy entered a geologist and successfully graduated. While studying, an active young man happily goes hiking, makes a newspaper, and goes in for sports.

However, he worked for a profession only a year. Minerals, of course, are interesting, but sometimes bother. In the late fifties, a television boom began in the country. Everywhere television studios were opened, one of which Stanislav settled in Kazan in 1959. I worked there for two years. During this period, the young man managed to feel himself and the editor, and the lead, and the author of the script.

Second education

If anyone knew what he wanted to achieve in life, it was exactly Stanislav Govorukhin. Biography describes this period as an acute desire to grow in the creative field. The soul wanted to create

In 1961, Govorukhin left for Moscow (which was facilitated by extremely strained relations with the Kazan party leadership), where he entered the directing department of VGIK. In 1964, his directorial debut took place - a short course project "Aptekarsha" based on the story of Chekhov.



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The first film by Stanislav Govorukhin is the short film "Aptekarsha"

During his studies, the young director had a dream: to go to Odessa. He has long been inspired by this seaside city, though exclusively on the works of classics and favorite films: such as "Spring on Zarechnaya Street", "Thirst", "Come Tomorrow". In 1966, Stanislav graduated with honors from VGIK and along with fellow student Boris Durov went to Odessa, where he received an offer to make a film about climbers - the scenario was already available, but the talented leader could not find it.

 In 1961 Stanislav entered the directing department of VGIK. After graduation, he went straight to the Odessa film studio. He has long been inspired by this seaside city, though exclusively on the works of classics and favorite films: such as "Spring on Zarechnaya Street", "Thirst", "Come Tomorrow". In 1966 Stanislav graduated with honors from VGIK and together with fellow student Boris Durov went to Odessa, where he received an offer to make a film about climbers - the script was already available, but the talented leader could not find

Work experience

A shot from Govorukhin's movie Vertical, 1966

According to Govorukhin, the scenario he proposed was frankly weak, and attempts to remake him did not save the situation. But the young director himself, keen on mountaineering, enthusiastically set to work: he invited Vladimir Vysotsky and composer Sophia Gubaidullina, and a few months later the country saw "Vertical" - a film about a group of brave climbers who conquer the peak of Or-Tau.

The tape brought success to Govorukhin and Vysotsky - after the premiere the musician's work became so popular that records with his records appeared almost in every Soviet family. It was in "Vertical" that Vladimir Semyonovich sang "Song of a Friend" and "The Top", "Farewell to the Mountains" and "Climber" - songs that became hymns of all Russian travelers.

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In 1969, Govorukhin became the director of the film "The White Explosion", the plot of which tells of the heroic deed of Soviet mountaineers in the foothills of the Caucasus in 1942. Sergey Nikonenko and Lyudmila Gurchenko took part in the shooting, Vladimir Vysotsky took part in the episodic role, but the picture did not repeat the success of Vertical, although Govorukhin was very proud of the work and claimed that in the future the film would certainly be appreciated.

Stanislav Govorukhin, Vladimir Vysotsky and Maria Shalaeva on vacation

 The film did not become popular, but received rave reviews from critics. 

"Pirates of the twentieth century"

Stanislav Govorukhin managed to beat another record - a cash register. This film, only according to official data, was watched by one hundred million people.

The plot is twisted literally from the first minute. A peaceful ship is attacked by pirates and drowned by it. Only a few people from the team manage to escape. Being on the island, in the middle of the open sea, there is only one chance to escape - to capture the ship of pirates. In this film there is everything: both martial arts, and female cunning, and brave sailors, and the real love. Well, and most importantly - good, of course, wins evil!

The first Soviet gunman for a long time gathered full rooms. But what can I say if the film, shot in 1979, is still far from being the last in terms of views and downloads.

It is not surprising that Stanislav Govorukhin, as one of the creators of this masterpiece, received the expected popular love, as well as a true vocation.

Director Stanislav Govorukhin created many films, among them "The Day of the Angel", "The Life of Robinson Crusoe", "The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Fin", "Not by Bread Alone", each of which stands in a special place among connoisseurs of a specialist. The maestro was particularly concerned about children's films, believing that the younger generation should know the world-famous stories.

By the end of the 70s, Govorukhin counted six full-length pictures. Despite the fact that the audience took a cool reception of the highly controversial drama "Smuggling" that appeared in 1974, and the adventure film "Wind of Hope" was completely ignored, Stanislav was still perceived as a budding director.

People's love brought classic films that have become classic, each of which should be considered in more detail.

"Meeting place can not be Changed" 

Stanislav Govorukhin on the set of the film "The meeting place can not be changed"
 

All of a sudden everything changed. Only a true talent can devastate the streets in a moment - people massively moved to the TV screens. It's no wonder, because there was a very sharp-action detective with Vladimir Vysotsky and Vladimir Konkin in the lead roles.

The list of themes of the film was huge. And the confrontation with the criminal world of post-Moscow, and the difference in the characters of the main characters, and the role of humanity in our lives. Important was full mutual understanding between the main actor Vladimir Vysotsky and Stanislav Govorukhin.

The series will forever remain a legend of Soviet cinema. And at least once in a life to look it should everyone.

 Govorukhin (left), Vysotsky and Sadalsky

The idea to remove a criminal tape about the confrontation between workers of the Moscow Security Ministry and a criminal gang over the novel of the Vainer brothers was in the walls of the Odessa film studio for a long time. The project promised to be large-scale, so the director wanted to invite the corresponding one, "with a name".

Writers planned to call Alexei Batalov, but he was already busy with other shootings at that time. Then Vysotsky, a good acquaintance of Arkady and Georgy Vainer, persuaded Govorukhin to give a chance, simultaneously "knocking out" the main role of the principled and categorical captain Gleb Zheglov.

The friendship between Vysotsky and Govorukhin made this film the way we know it

The series became a sensation: an exciting detective story went into the background, giving way to a conflict between the iron characters Zheglov and Sharapov. After the final credits, the viewer for a long time was immersed in thought: does the bandit deserve a human relationship or must "certainly be in prison"?

And the magnificent debut of Stanislav Sadalsky, the amazing play of Armen Gigrakhanyan, Larisa Udovichenko and a number of other talented masters of reincarnation literally carried an outside observer to post-war Moscow, torn apart by criminal groups.


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The meeting place can not be changed ": the best moments

So to the next work Govorukhin started already being a recognized master of detective stories. In 1987, he presented to the audience a two-part adaptation of the novel Agatha Christie "Ten Negroes" with Vladimir Zeldin and Alexander Kaidanovski in the lead roles. The sequence of mysterious murders, as if repeating words from a child's countenance, kept spectators in suspense until the last moment.

Stanislav Govorukhin on the set of the film "Ten Little Indians"

With particular warmth Govorukhin belonged to children's and youth films of his own production: "Life and amazing adventures of Robinson Crusoe" (1972), "The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn" (1981), "In Search of Captain Grant" (1985).

According to the director, to start creating them, he was indifferent to children's reading. Govorukhin, who grew up on the world classics of children's literature, considered such gaps to be a real catastrophe in the education of the younger generation and struggled to eliminate them.

Stanislav Govorukhin and young Vladislav Galkin (Huckleberry Finn)

In 1988, Govorukhin left his home to become a native Odessa film studio and returned to Moscow, where he became one of the leading directors of Mosfilm. Soon the inhabitants of the Soviet Union saw the famous director personally - he played the criminal authority of Krymov, the lover of the heroine Tatiana Drubich and the character antagonist Sergei Bugayeva in the film "Assa"

. The role was not debut - Govorukhin's participation in the films "Among the gray stones" and "The Return of the Butterfly" already appeared on the shoulders, but Assa became a kind of phenomenon, an encyclopedia that changed the consciousness of the generation of the pre-soviet youth, and the Crimean bandit became one of the " bells "of the coming new reality. The film was added to the film by the participation of the "Kino" group led by Viktor Tsoi and music by Boris Grebenshchikov.

Stanislav plays the role of a jealous Mafioso. But female love is stronger than the underworld. The song of Victor Tsoi "We are waiting for changes", which he performed in front of the grateful crowd, became a real hymn of perestroika.

Stanislav Govorukhin in the film "Assa"

After the release of Assa, Govorukhin began accepting invitations from other directors. On his productivity as a director, this fact did not affect: the success was waiting for Stanislav from both sides of the set. In 1990, he performed the episodic role of Sergei Popov in the drama of Leonid Filatov "Suki's Children", in 1992 - in the painting of Peter Todorovsky "Anchor, still an anchor!" In conjunction with Valentin Gaft and Yevgeny Mironov. In 1995, together with Kirill Pirogov and Polina Kutepova, he collaborated with Grigory Danelia on the shooting of the picture "Eagle and Tails".

Govorukhin on the set

At this time, Mosfilm expanded to an impressive film concern, and Govorukhin became artistic director of the subsidiary film studio Vertical, under whose name henceforth all the director's works came out.

In 1999, Govorukhin's acclaimed masterpiece, the drama Voroshilovsky Shooter, was released. In the center of the plot was the tragedy of the hero Mikhail Ulyanov, a former railroader, alone stretching his only granddaughter Katya. A psychologically difficult film, which demonstrated to the public what a person who has lost hope of justice, entered the annals of Russian cinema as a controversial, provocative, but undoubtedly outstanding picture.

One of the best films Govorukhin - "Voroshilovsky shooter"

In 2003, the filmography of Svetlana Khodchenkova and Alexander Baluyev was supplemented with the picture "Bless the Woman", shot by Stanislav Govorukhin. This time the director drew attention to the problem of relations between a man and a woman: the military Larichev and the minor Vera. The audience was waiting for a pleasant surprise - the director appeared in one of the scenes in the image of the division commander.

Govorukhin and Khodchenkova on the set of the film "Bless the Woman"

In 2005 he appeared in camouflage uniform in the directorial debut of Fyodor Bondarchuk "9th company". The film featured the whole "young guard" of Russian cinema, including Alexander Lykov and Konstantin Kryukov; Govorukhin also played the regimental commander in the training unit.

Stanislav Govorukhin in the film "9 companies"

In 2006, Govorukhin was awarded the title of People's Artist of Russia.


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The Black Cat by Stanislav Govorukhin

In 2015, Govorukhin's new film, "The End of the Beautiful Age" with Ivan Kolesnikov and Sergei Garmash, was released. A screen version of satirical stories Dovlatova introduced the audience to the adventures of journalist Andrei Lentulov at the end of Khrushchev's thaw.

Happy anniversary, maestro!

On March 29, 2016, the director celebrated his 80th birthday.

POLITICAL ACTIVITY OF STANISLAV GOVORUKHIN

In his youth, Govorukhin held to some degree of opposition views: he did not join the CPSU, and joined the Russian Democratic Party during the perestroika period.

Young Govorukhin did not get along with party leadership 

In August 1991, Stanislav Sergeyevich spent two days beside the walls of the White House-encircled tanks. At first he rejoiced, rejoicing over the victory over the communist regime, but later came to the conclusion that the events of August 21, 1991 were essentially a defeat, as they showed impotence, short-sightedness and incompetence of the ruling circles.

His views he shared in the documentary trilogy, over which he worked in the period from 1990 to 1994. The series included the films "You can not live like that", "Russia that we lost" and "The Great Criminal Revolution".

Рубрики:  ХОТИТЕ БЫТЬ ДОЛГОЖИТЕЛЕМ? /Polyglot81



 

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