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: http://www.tattoo-scorpion.com/pgs/article1.htm

oe ooceo oe aypo o...

aypoa pacpocpaea cpe ox cooec eoo apa. Oao aoee axaae op oa popea o. o peo oy, o cooecax epoecx cpa po ca ee o poe apoo yyp Cpa ocxoeo coa. Taypoa ee o eca oae pa, op oopx yxo yy eo. ooy e eo yeoo o, o cceoae pa o ee pocxoe a eppop o, e xo a pee ye copypoax oe: co oo o ex eeecx cceoax peooe ecoce.
ec e oe ooceo oe aypo o. oe ea ae a ee apyeo pocxoe. Opac a apxeooece aepa, ocxoe y pa epoa cop o - o (ooo 250 roa o ae p - 300 o ae p) Koy, aaeoo ae epoo ypao (ooo 250 oa ae p - 550 o ae p), pae oopoo oocc epoy cyecoa ao (eo a aa o a o o 8 ea), eoc aa ao oppoa oco ocyapceoc, oo cy, o aypoa a acoaa y Ka, e oa a eca ye ooo 11 ea o ae p, o peea apcoa ac oy. C copeco o pe aa oea oe peea, e o paaac o ac aacoo oea, yyp epo oopoo Ka. Ka e .. Xo, "e oe 2-o cee o ae p ece c oee yyp po - aca a aaa oaa ocooe aee o cox pa a ceepy, a y". B co oepe oee ox oceex epoa o axo oocee pee acoo pocxoe epoa apcoa aao ac Xa (202 o o ae p - 9 o ae p). oee oe ace oyco oeceo, yypo xoceo ocoo apxeaa aee ee, oope opee o o a ax oopa cee.
Bepoo, e y y oaay oocopo yypy acoc o o Ka, eoope cceoae oca, o eoepec opae a epaecx ypax xaya, oope oa peca e cae pee oopx oocc o 2 ey o ae p, a oco - epoy Koy, ec ceeco aoca oax ee apxeaa c aypoo, acoao, ooo, c eppop cocee cpa. y oey e opoepa apxeooece op, ceae 70-e o 20 ea a eppop o, oope oo ooy ay aoca ee o c aypoo a p ea aa cpae c ec paee a. Bo pe poox 1977 oy apxeooecx cceoa opecocx Oca oo ypao ae e e yp c a, op opaeo, oop cceoae epoa a aypoy. oop o o o, o a p ea aa ceye ooy pe, oa cooac yp xaya? y aypo oo paeo epoa cop o o cx op ocac ec, ocoy o pe oa ye peac pax oecex cox oceecx, peox o aecx ee, o pee ceo - ee eeapx. Hapep, a, ecop a o, o ao c exo aypo, ca ee apapco pao pe o ooe pecya. Ho aec eca coe, o yp xaya, aee e cyeca, a oe, peaaee copooa yepx x apoo , o copoa pecyo.
Coaco pyo oee, aypoa poa o yoo peoc p ocpeece ao, oope o eaeo pee cac epo acee apxea apooc. A, ceo aoce apo, epo oo (ooo 7000 oa o ae p - 250 o o ae p) eocpeceo cocece c pea ceox oe a Xoao, Kypcx ocpoax a Caxae. opaece cceoa oaa, o a ao c aypoo c eaax pee, a ee ocoeoc ec oypoc oo oa cpe e, oope aypy co oopo eco o oco a opao, o coa a a paceoc. o e ..Xoa "po, oopy cpa a cop o, eca", o pe a P.Ca X.o ca, o "pa aypoa ao e oaaa a pae aypo o".
B cao o aa xo pae ee, acaec pocxoe aypo. Haoee pacpocpaea caec c ypo ecoo pae y, epoo acea o, eo ooo 660-585 oo o ae p. Taypo, oope oc y, o eca e, ec co o ao cee ocx cay oe ape Ceoaaapy, o x ec oa coa oy. eea o paee y ec oco aoo ayao o ce e pe oe, oopa aaec coo. pyo, apcoa oe, pae o e O, pocac e, o, coy o, cpa oepxoc ca c aypoa ya. y aypo pee o ep oca ace yeece, oope 3 ee ae p oce Cpay ocxoeo coa. B copoao ooo 297 oa xpoe "Ca-yo" ("cop pex opoec") o opaa ae a o, o opoece a (o) aopooo pocxoe oac o pocoapo e, o oc a ax pcy. A o o a y ey e P.eep: "Ka oepa cpa, ee pee oce oc ac, eca epoo, o oaee o ac peea aypoa a apeeppoaa a acco pepoax. o oa pea ae pecae aoo acca, oa ey a cey pe oa oc cae ap. Bo oey aypoy aoy poce . ae ceo o e, o o pe ecoo pya o op eo ye pe o pee aco oaac. K x cy oocc py, o .." Hecoo y eppea y aypo pae epo cop o ae "Ko", "3ac pex ee", copoaa ooo 710 oa. o oa yx, apae c "Hxoco", aoee x ocx xpo. opeeex paeo "Ko" oo ya, o y c ao oc a ax aypo, peaaee peox oceecx ee. cooe, pao a ae, acaec aypo, oepy pyx oee pax ocx xpoax. Oao oocc ceye ocaoo ocopoo, o oe coeo, o e peea paac pec pae aa, ooaae poeyp, oope ceo aae aypoo, capae papcoo ea. K coae, ae e coco poep copeee cceoae, ocoy aeoapoooece aepa pacoo, oocxc o peea, oope oca ex xpoax, e oy oe ce c. O acac coxpaxc ee paeo oce, o pe a aypoa, oopa oac a x acx eoeecoo ea, e oa coxpac o aeo pee.
Haa peo c 5 ea ae p, yx aypo a eppop o pocxo cyece epeo. B "Hxoco", "oco xpoe", acao a aco e 720 oy, oo a a yoa, acaec epecye ac e. epoe: "B apee epoo oa apcoa P (ooo 400 oa) Ayo Mypa eo coo o Hoa yoac po apcoaeo pae, a o ocye a cepy a. Oao peyae oo, o pee a ooa, o aaae o aeeo a aecee aypo y a y eax coaco capoy acoy oa". Bopoe: "B ope oaaoo oa pae pay (ooo 467 oa) y a ocye a aypoae a ocoe yco ooo eoa". "Hxoco" - o ca cap o oye, cooa o pee aypo a a aaa. o aaae, oaay peeec aepa pe o pee, e-o 6 ee o yaoeo, oy aae "ecay". pyeoe aypoae pecyo aeo pacpocpaee o oo aaa, oa opyac oc yxo. Tao cpaeo ex pee aaa, opaa yaa yoooo paa pee o, oee oe epo aao opac a peya aypo, oa oa aaa o o ceo y ypae. Ceye ae ae, o "Hxoco" oo ae oapy capoe opeeee aypo - "xaay".
poeea 645 oy peopa aooaeca, aaa Taa, pea oee pee aypo ee e. B ecoo epo Kaaypa (1185-1333), oa ac pa, o opeee ..Xoa, "poaa oopyea apcopa, a aaee y, caypa" oa epe o ycaoac ac oex c po paoo paacx (coya), aaae e aypo ee cyecoao opao, o pae ye e peoc. oe, oao, o aaae o o occaoeo poo peoc ee epo Toyaya. Coceo, aaoe y o pe aypoa oa Epoe. oaay aypoa, peac e aaa, ea ecoe op. o peyeceo pe , oee epo y oeee, a pao, a epxx acx ea, apep, a peex, eax cex cyax ae a e. co aecex epoe oaao, ec pecy peco e. Co peee opa aypo-aaa a epepoaa acoc o coepeoo pecye: ao aaa a oe pecyee o, apep, pooe epoe oo a ee ae a e. Heo e yeoo o, o paoo poa pecy, a cooy, capac cp coe pooe. C o e o poo aypoae, peopay opoepye x o ocpeco ooae x ooe opaeo, Coceo oop, oee oe peea, pao a ceo, oe pecy oc aypo ee o oo, a epe oaa a peey. B peyae pacpocpae aoo oa aa aypoa caoac ceeco paeoc pecyoy py. peo 17 ey oocc ooee opeee oooo a aypoo. O ooaac coo "pey". o yopee ceo ep coco yx co: "pe" - "pca" o "ca" "y" - "y". Cece ao eco c aypo c pecy po o pepeoe ooee oy oa, ocoeo cpe pecaee cx oecex coe o.
B o e pe y y oa aypoa, aaea "aa", ceecya o yece, oae, epeoc eocpoc o. Taa aypoa eocppoaa yce aeca. B 17 ee aypoa caa oypo cpe e eoo oee, oopx oo o ya o cea oa a eo peee o a ao. x, ca, oce e Kopa oc ceo. K aoee pacpocpae cpe e coeoo oee oa paea a, ea, o, epo, opa y, ya, oe, o .. oco x e coec xapaep, apep, epc ycoo ooaa y ac ecoo ea, o pe a aa - ea pae ea y. O ae aypo cpe ocx pocyo oe 17 ea yoae xapa Caay pye "Kocoy ca ooo" (" eoo y"), apoao 1682 oo. Hacoo aaa oco aypo, a eae apxeooecx cceoa, ocxo 5 ey o ae p, acoo e eeoc ox ooe ocx aypoo o o oa 12 ea c xyoeceo o pe e peca aeo eoc. Taypo opaac pee ceo eco oa, oope poco opoac a poe ox coe. B o e oe-o eo yeoo, ocoy o oo aypoa cooaac pee ceo aece ea a pecyo, a ee paee - ooae oeceo paeoc, o, a opao, y ea ya pee c ypaee. Kyypa o opeeac peoaae oce ococyx coe, eae ee co ca oo, o aa co xyoecee yc.
aop a ypoo pa cycca, coa copec co 17 ea, ocoo oopx ocyo oeee ce cpa, papoeo paee a oeco ex payx py c pyo aao, a ae oceoae ce a peopaoa oeceo-ooeco cpyype o epoa o (1615-186 cococoa ooe pepaco xyoeceo aypo a oeo e cycca, oopoe co peee "cao ceoe oo, oaeo opeeex oecex pyax". Ka e .Aepoa "o epxo pae o coy Toyaa pa aece pee paeca o, ceo Too. eooo ocee o cpo pepaoc oo, yp opo, oop aa ceac ooyeee aeo apaoa peece, y, epaop, aep, ey eoo oee, op ... Bce oee ay ooecy po aao pa oaeee a opoe eaco". Ceye oa, o oco oeceo epapx eae coca ca co, e oaa, poe ee, o a pe. ee cx ae poyc e o oeceo ece, oee ec peca, peypy x c , eae oecpoa opae oac px yooc. O pa yypy ocooo poa, xo ocaoo oepxocy, oopa paaac ca e xyoecex peece; oo epaype, pae; oooe eape ay eape yo ypay; papao ce apaa paee, aaeo o oapa, - opoe, oopo oa e acyae o oopo ap e; papax a epee yo-e, oope aoee opa poee cycca epoa o, a ae xyoeceo aypoe. B o ece eoxoo oepy, o oppoa cyco oco aypo aoue epe e ooee oce acepo yo-e. B ooo exe oe, apep, cpa oc oec 18 ea po paoo ce Po ya epeeeo c acoo a a oc oec "Ce Cyoae", cpa oopo oe a ac xyoa, a Kacyca Xoyca aaya Kyo. Co peee oo o aoo oea ey y a opaeoo cycca: aop ocx pap a epee 18 ea opaac coepaec aypoe eae.
cop ceecye, o ep pe aoo a aypoe cpa o. x oaay apa x coe oeca, o a aaee ae, o ec , axoec oe c aoo. x pe o pee aa ae oapo, oa eca acx. Cpa ooac cao pyx, eoecax ooopeo, oopx aee oapa o ooo coepe pax . O oax xpoepo ae ayac a e, o ao oe oep - oap paoa cpao. Haoee aco pee oa y cpao pao ap, o ec coa, cae c oo. O cpao oa aypoa epeac py poeccoa pya, o ooo aceecoa co poeccoae o. "Tae peece, a cop, cpoe epeoc aao, ae p o c. B aae 19 ea aypoa o caa acoo oypo, o cce ce yec co aepa oaac peece, e e po". Taoe eaoe opeee aypoo oypoc ee oeee pa cycca oyco co pec eoopx aoee oypx ocx aypoo, oopx aa xop. o aae pocxo o aoa "xopy", oop peo oaae ece "aece papo o", o pe a oe "xop-oo" cooecye coy "aypoa", eeoy epoecy epaypy oe 18 ea. Ee ceo o ec ea aex acepo aypo epoa o. K cy aoee axc xop paea: Xop ya, Kapayca-oa, Ko Kopo, Haao, Kaeo, oxe, pocac cacc aooc, apya, pepac aypo ecoo ea, a ae eeap y, aop "ayee aypo, opaae capy ey, oay oey aa". Ha e e ocoaec eoopoc opaoc ocoo c aypoe, oee oopoo cop Cpa eye cayp pxoc a epo, aae o? Haa co pae c ocye, aey: o ceo e oe cpac co cap acepa coo cycce cooa a oo pacee (o ae aece aypo aec copeee ceac xop-oo oac e y opao: oa, o, aae aopy aepoc. Bo oey ceye yepa, o aoee pocaac aa epa "oa" aypoe - o ee opoc. Taypoa, oopa oceoaeo a poe ecox e oac a ao-o eoee, oa pec ooe oo ope "eyooo oo" o "pacaxyoo aa". B ooo cyae aa aypoa oc aae oo oo opae opc, oca eaoe pocpaco o epy py oa. B epxe ac oa ocae oe, ao pee, e e aaaec a epax. Ceye oe, o oopa p oo oco aypoe coppoac cepee 19 coe. B cao o aypoae a, aoe oo a aoee opx ace ea aa cooaoc aece ea y pecyo.

pye xapaepe ep oco aypo:

1. Bpaoaa acep oe o aeo cep pocaeo acceco aypo aop c Hoo ea aco eccceo papocax oo epoeco aypoe pecyo.
2. poee eyx oo.
3. Beee oocex oee ex oo, oope oa oea eye o oo ao oepxoc aoo paea ea.
4. oopee oee ex oo, cyax yo ycoe poe oo.
5. ypa xapaep eyx oo, o pe a opoaoe o, a oopa aypo eex cooec, c eoepec.
6. Oeee oca oo oeo pcoa eopa oypo; cape acepa ca po oo aoee e eca oe x, o cea oxo a oo yo-e.
7. aoee oepxoc oo paca eco aceoc, oope opacpy py c pyo.
8. poee oao oopceco py. aco aac oeo paaec coea, apep, pacoe eeoe ooc oy, e, cee oyoa.
9. cooae coeopax aypo cpec pae, a oope ooya ppoa opae ocpoe eoeecoo ea. Hapep, o pa ao ocpo cee ceec ya e, oepa ee, cooac a paee . Tae o pe x ape paccae a paa ce oo ee, ea ee oe cpecco. Coc yo cooac e oepa opcecx aeo pcyax, o o oe oypo epoeco aypoe y pecyo, a a eoxoe ee oo, apep, aece aa paoa e epa ea.
10. aa paoa eoopx oo (apep, eoopca caypae) o e pe caa paoa pyx (apep, yp, eex oae e).
11. poepoae eae oca oo oo epe aao pao o opoae x c pao yo-e, xo a aypo oycae peaa oao eo e; oa oo ec peyao copyeca aypoa ea.
12. aepee oo ye aoe ec a ee poax eoepec opaeo o ac, c ca c yo eca.
epeco ocoeoc oco aypo ec peea ceo eco ooo acee a aaea eaa aypoa, oopa oac ocpeco pa opaoaec oce aaa pa pcoo yp oc a. Taoo a aypoa, pe eaea, poac e ex oo a oe oce yopee aoo, oce ya o o pe oc. Taa aypoa aaec "ayc-op", o ocoo oaae "cpa*". Oeo poeo ec eaa oco aypo. Oa oye paoopa oa, oope oo pae a epe py: opa, aya, peoe ooece o, cae c eooe pe epoe pyx oepyx oopa oce. Cpe pecaex pacex oo eoxoo pee ceo e:
1. Xpaey, eoa apy ao, oe - co acooc peeoc.
2. o - co oaca ycexa .
3. eo cayp, y oopo "eec oaa ae p eo yoe oo a e epooo, a caypa oae a coeo ocoa". o co poxoeo pee epooc .
4. c ea, ecy cee accoa ooo paco poe epoeco aypoe.
K aoee oyp pecae ooo pa aypoe ceye oec:
- paoa, copyeo ac cy, o oopeeo oeeo oo oy, o ec coeeo poooooc.
- apa, copyeo yeco, oay oy coa.
- pa - coa eccpa.
Ocooo a acya oocee opce ooe oe o, pooae e, o eeea ox oe eco caa c ope. Bo oey oco aypoe aco po c pa o coa oec o o, cya ooae oa oepa ayp ea. oa, a yepa eoope cceoae, o ye ccecoe coeopae paax oco aypo. Bey peo ea yp opoceex ycx oo. o acaec caoo y, o oco aypoe o oa e oc. B oco aypoe ae cpeaec c po eecx epoea ooecx yp. Ka yepa eoope ao, a a cpa co po opae aaoa oec oco aypo a yypy aaa. B oco aypoe axo opaee ae oocea pya apox epoe, cx, caypae oaxo, ypa, oapoaee e, aep eapa ay, op cyo .. Xapaepo ee epo ec pecaee ooex oppeax oce cea o yo pe "p eepx" oa - poao, o oeao poy yo-e py. aeoe co oo oco aypo o pocxoe acoe, cpe pox - pao, p, xpaea o. o oyo eoopx cceoaee yepa, a ye yoaoc, o aypoa eo a epea oa y eoo apoa-cocea. o o pooo epo apcoa poa coyo Toyaa p ocpeece ae o opee, ooe oeco oopx e o oceo paoe opa Haaca. ae pa eoeoe yepee a a, ceye oepy, o ca oec aco aypo a ocy ecpaeo caee, e cee acoa ocee exe oco pap a epee.
Ceye ocaoc a oca opy eo, oope pec oco aypoe. B peoc xoy pe pcocoe, ae ceo pace, ocpe yc pao o oc ox. B aece pace cooaac caa. Haa c epoa o, pay o eaece . oce aypo-paoac o cx op ea epeco a, oopa, o x e, cae pec aypoa apye ocee eoxoo ooc. Bo pe aece aypo o oyc aoa aya c ppee a. aece pcya coyc o oo o epex oo, aoe oepxoc pcya - oe pa oo ope ya. Taa ca oo aaec "xap". Caa poeypa ocoaa a aaa o p oo aaaec co oo ao co copoc ooo 90-120 yoo yy. Oopeee yo ooo oeca oo o ooa oee aoy pooe ea oy. Boee ocoeo ox oo paaec a ecoo ao. K oy ya opaee oooc ea epeoc o, a ae aeoe cxooecoe apee aypoa, oopoe copooaec o ec yc. Coa opa oo oec e cooa epeco a oa a poe ecox ee. Bo ooy paoy, e oo co, ocoy e oe cepeo aoe. aa oe copooaec coa, xapaep opae opaa. o e cceoaee, poecce oe oco aypo oo e a, aa oopx oaae coe ceo...

...epa aa, aaea "cy", ocoaa a aece a oy ea ca oa ce oo p oo epo y e, a oceee pe, ceaoro, pyo caeoo pace. oe ao poeyp oo ocaoo ooo ceaca.Bopa aa xapaepyec eee apeee oypa cpyeo c apee a e o oo o epex oo, oope opya oe ycy epy y, aaey "cy". Tpe aa o aae "oac" (oeae) ocoaa a aaa o o oeco oo, copax yo. o oeae ocee aoco oo yoo aoe eo eoxooo oa. eepa aa, aaea "cy-xap" (o co "cy" - poa "xap" - ca oo), coco eyoo aaa eo oeco oo aex paeo oepxoc ea e eo oea. o ac oy p oo ex yapo ocoae ao, oce eo ooeo aac ecoo ye eo. a aa"xae-ap" (o co "xae" - oco "ap" - poecc aypoa) aaec o, o o pe aaa o pye paec eae aax. ya aaa p o oo opopyec. peee ao ex ooe ocy ayx eo p oea oepxoc oo. "Xae-ap" aeee oeea poeypa, ocoy aeo opopyec, o e pe aoee coa oae exo oco aypo. ae ceo oce aypo coy ep pac e, pee - poo cex cyax ee e. "oce ao poeyp aece aypo e oa p ay. o e a yyee caoyc eae aypoy oee eo. e c oo o ceao aypoo peocepea o yopee aoo, ocoy o oe pec opae opaa. Bc oepa pooc p coe eeapx eecx peoa. epe ao poeypo cepyc, a a ac ea, a oopy aocc aypoa, epyec cpo o oapo pa". oa xop o poce oee ocpoo o ea c e eo ycooe o pe oe poeyp pe oa.
.P .apy, aepace ao poea oco aypo, opaa ae a ceye ceece pa xop-oo cpae c aypoo epoeco:
1.Taypoa o ocpaec a cycco opa ypae ea, a ca oaae aypo - a oe cycca, oop ceye ocxac.
2. B oco aypoe ooe ae paec ope, o pe a aya ee opoceeoe aee.
3. Koo eo ee ocooe aee, eoc oex oo oopaoc o ce oo co a opo ae.
4. B oopa aac e, copye ae opoee, a ooc, peaoc, oaeoc, oope ocycy epoeco aypoe, axoe yooce pee ceo px opao eaox ceax. cea cpecc eco oo oco aypo, apoec oxy o, pecae x eoopy pacoy oace paco opeaeoc oo, ocxox ca pe apo pa.
Ka ye yoaoc, xyoecea oca aypoa a aa eaa. Meae paea aoee (xo e ca e) co oeca o pacope ace e o oc yep oae oe. B ao cya eae aa eocppoa co ocao ocpeco popee opx ex oo aypo. C oo pee aypoa caa popea oco yype ce oee aee. Ee oypoc poca aoap ec paaec aepa, oope ye e e oo apcece ococa, o o coco oce cpecc a cee. B oe 18 ea oo aoee pacx aypoo o oxac ac aep Haaypa ao IV- o pepy aepo oa a pace aypo oceeo aaa oaea eoop pya oco apcopa. epo a pyee 18 19 eo oo ceo aa oo cop oco aypo. Xyoecea aypoa, oeea o pe pa caoo cycca, caa oopeeo coeopa pao paco ea peeo pae. Taypoy oo o yo eocppoa o pe coecx ya, a oocex ecax oypcax. oaa oa epaypy. Oa ace 19 ea ooc, o 1804 oy o peop a ca oo pcyo aypo a eoeeco oe. o poa pao, oe paea a cax 20 y. Bo ce coe ooe o o oaa oo oa, oa ce y caoc p, o oe pyoo. Oao, ye pee, cy a o oypce e oe pyo o, peca oo oey ey, oeey a eao paee ycoo ea.
B oe oooo epoa oco aypo papaec ece paccaa .Taa (1886-1965) o aae "Sisei" ("Taypoa"). a epo paccaa Ce, ooo aa xyo, opeee epo coe ee aepa epeoc co epec c ya xoca a eoeecy oy. o opaeoe eee o ao e p yooce, oopoe oya Ce, opya oyxee opoaeoe eoeecoe eo. e poe coa ep Ce, e oee acaee ca epo paccaa. ece popeae ocoe paaece ae, oa Ce cyao cpeaec c ooo paco eo, oopa epe aoe-o oee ceae o eo pe. C oo pee oaeae aoe eae coa eep a ce o eaoo ey paca. oce e eycex oco o eoao cpeaec c o eo yoeope coe eae, aypy a ce oeo opooo aya. opec ao Ce oc cee cepe poop, o e oaay e oaaec. ao paoy, o c yaco oae, o coa yoe, oopoe epe oee coco co c oeo, o poo coeo coae. oca aypoa, a epoeca, poa coe cop epo eo ae. Kopo Mycyo, oop pa o ee Me (o oo e pocxo aae aoo epoa Me, "ox poceex Bace"), p ac 1868 oy, o epx cox yao ape oee aypo. O ca, o ca opa oeopaa ea poope ye Koy pee ceo pae aoaoe ococo oe aax ee Capoo Cea, a oopoo Me pe epeec a oy o. o c yap ee eao a pepaco paaeoc cycca, ypoa aeey cyecoa oca a paoo ox xop. o ec a oo oco aypoe pxo epoe! p ocpeece acea poa acoo pa apa (oe - opo apa VII), a ee oopoo o pe a Cpay eye cayp 1881 oy ae Xop o aypoa paoa, o o e eooo opeca ya ace apcopa.
Tey oco aypo cpo oxaa aa a ceca ooca pecca, a y oe ae pyx aaoepoecx cpa. ec payc cae ep o ayee poae "Madame Chryzantheme" caae coe ocxee oco yypo ocae poeyp, copooae aypoy, oope o ca ca a cee o pe ocee Haaca. oa o a xyoecey 1890 oy. O coae, o o cpae oo o o aypoy a ex acx ea, oope eeeo e cac a ceoee oopee. O o peopep "Illustrated Tokyo News", ea oa c, ee ey eo pa cpy o oeo aypoy, opoc eo a opeeey ay poeocppoa co eece ypae. Oaaoc, o a ee p "o co oo paoo, e, ce, ocax co aco aoao cop, x pcyo, o a poe aco oo o paa o oaco a apao oepxoc eo ea". Oca o cyc 1910 oy. Hecoo oe "aypoa epeaa o epo peeoo oe. Xapyo Taaaa paoe "y Xy" ("Co epoe aypo") e, o e peoypo - oe ox aypoo - oe 30-x oo". B aae epoa Coya, oop pooac c 1926 o 1989 o, oee aypo o aeopec apeeo, oce acepa oo cycca paoa ycox ocpa. O ocx epaooo 1928-1942 oax cpe paa aypoax aeo. Haaac 1946 oy aepaca oya poeee ee paax cepex oecx peop pe oe epaa oeceo acee o. Boa oee aopa aocepa eeoc xop, "Oao cooa pa co oo. cycco aypo oceeo aao aee... Ocoo po oo o a, o acepa, aoe c pao exa aece aypo, opocy ypa. Ha ceo e x co opaaec yao eco acepa, paoa Too. ocoy y x e yeo, xop-oo ocyeo a pae... Hecop a o, o Ocae paoa ecoo oox xyoo, o a e yae oa: o oyc epec aa aypo, a x oopa axoc o e yyp aaa".
o e P.Caa .oa, 1973 oy a eppop o acaoc oee 1000 y ooo 50 e, oaax opo aypoo a ce ee. oco x poao Too. o cpe poeo ococ e, o cae aee xop oo paoa coe o. Haoee ec aao Epoe Aepe ec ceo Xop Kayo Oyp, cy axc a epe po cpe copeex ocx aypoo oocc Xop y, Xop o III, Taocy Kopoya (Xop oc) Xop oc II. oce o opoc y, oee oaaee aypo (aoee ec x - "o-oyKa" ocoa 1905 oy), oope oo pa ec opay cpe acx ax o ceao pax ycx ax. Opayc ae ce c yace aypoax, oa c pecaeco o co ceo pa. Ca a coe oco "pe aypo" ec Caa Macyp - yce opeca o cya pxoa ec oce. opeca poxo capo apae Too Acayca, e coxpaoc ooe o aocep capoo o. Bo pe x opec opayec ooe oy c yace oaaee aypo. B cee ayax ax, oao, yyee oco aypo e co oc. Bo o a y ey e o cae, aao "Japan's Tattoo Revolution": "B copeeo o oaae aypoo eo oeaec eao; coa pooo oa aypoa ec coo paeoc pecyoy py, pecaee oopoo o aa ya. Oaae aypoo oe oea, apep, cea poeccoay apepy, aoee oaaeo cce ec cpea pae. Taypoaoo paa e pe a paoy oa a. Taypoa oe a cpa ee oaae o ox x cyax. B o oo yec, oa oeaee ocooac ycya oeceo a. Ha eoopx x, ocoeo a ex, oope axoc oee capx apaax opoo, oo ye ac: "Taypoa xo ocpee"... B cao Too cao aypo aocppoa ocee coco a opoy". Acoo poa epec paoo apoo oopa, oopa ee opoo caoc poco eoo. o 80-x oo axo yooce pee ceo epoecx aepacx oax aypo 40-x 50-x oo, oyppoax eoop aepac aypoa, oope a opao pac ceoey pcy aeoo xop-oo.
Bopaac cepeo poee oac oeceo aoo, oopo o c pecy ya, opaoae a, ceye oc, o cpe x, ooo opeee exa peeceo (apep, cpe copo), aypoa oe oy y. Bo-epx, y ea, ocoy pecae y yae pyoo yaca a o aypoe, oeeo, apep, a ece a ce. Bo-opx, y coapoc, ype c peeax pecyo py. ec ceye oepy ocoo a ee, oop cae acepo y c aypoo. oce aece aypo o oepac epeo ce ca yaco opaoo oeca aoaecoo pcoee opeeeo ayo oeceo pye. ooe py oa aac a aae, xo eopaao, "caypa 20 ea". C oo oea pecae y ye e oe ec a ee, pocxoe "xopoe ce", eo e py a paoy ypeee, ec oo oo e axoc o opoe pecyoo pa. Teopeec oo o yepa, o pecae y coy aypoe coeopay oopa, xapaepy oo ao oeceo py. Oao eceoc o e a. pecae y pea e e ca oa, o ooee paae Cpa ocxoeo coa, oao po o oac opeeee peoe. ae, ee pecae x oecex py, yac y pea oa, oepy oopa, paeeo a apax, oope peaae aapo p "xaa-ya" "paco-epoe". o pe ya cpaco oaec c 18 ea. Cpe cax c o po oo aoee e c eo epe c ea, coee c cooae pacoo epoo eo. K cy pyx oo, aco coyex yo, paea opa ycx epoe - ax, a, apep, ycyc Ho o yo - oey pecyoo pa. y o c coa yeca ecooc, o ec ex xapaepooecx ep, oop o ec acep. B o e pe e y ea ypaa coe eo oa, peca ece oeca Kao o ee, oope aco oc a cax pecaee x oecex py. o a caoc oe o cee peecye opa o pecyo opaa, oopo ec ya.
pa o ae ccecy eoc, opae oe aa oooe pee a ox ococx, oaco oo, opaay oopcy cey cpecc oco aypo, oo coacc c e, o ce o cyeceo opae y ceo eay oey oo ooo aoee pex cocoo yao apy, oopa a pacpocpaea cpe oca pecaee copeeoo oeca. aoap oc aypoa, aae xop, x eooeoy aay, oopae, yeoy cooa pa apoo yyp, a ae oeeo o coepeca exe aop oeceo-oec yco aypoa o oca eooeoo pacea caa o e co peee paoac o cey py. Bo o ceox e ooe co aax aypoo oxoec opec oce xop, oope ca x coa eocaeoo acepca. Ca a poe a oco oe ao opao e cycca acae epecope oee cye, pecae ee o ceo a eecaax aopo. Bo oey ceye coacc c ee ..Xaa oxapaepoa oe cooec c o oeo, oopy o ca xoe oy, a eo: " ocoo ocp ppoe pacoe o oaa apo pepaa ee coe yo yyp coeopa ce".

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:http://astroserv.narod.ru/tatu/japan.htm

- http://natahaus.ifolder.ru/4511612

"Japanese Tattoo Designs Horiyoshi", Japanese Tattoo Designs Horiyoshi - http://pro-100.ifolder.ru/6711937


     

http://depositfiles.com/files/5588700

 

"Japanese Tattoo Designs Horiyoshi III" -

http://depositfiles.com/files/5673828
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