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   Svetik06

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: .(116), .(314), , , .(50), .(31), (0), .(175), .(99), .(42), .(23), (210), .(122), .(4), .(52), (28), , .(63), . ..(251), .(327), ,.(246), .(47), .(100), .(32), .(135), , , , (352), , , (77), (144), (220), , .(132), , , .(16), , .(195), , .(160), , .(547), .(80), , (359), , .(802), , .(125), , .(125), .(125), .(91), , .(427), (58), .(223), (23), .(342), ( ).(314), .(48), , .(123)
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... ...

, 07 2011 . 10:26 +
_ [ + !]

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(0)

!

, 26 2011 . 09:29 +
_ [ + !]

!

, 26 2011

, 28 . , 14 17 . . !...

borbaobrazovanie (300x300, 32Kb)

!

, 28 14 17 . . , . , , .

.

, ; ; . , XXI , .

.

(0)

, 17 2011 . 01:07 +
-Albert-Flammer- [ + !]



. : , , , . , TOEFL, IELTS. , , , .

:

− , , .

− . .

.

(2)

, 17 2011 . 01:04 +
_ [ + !]

























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(0)

, 17 2011 . 01:03 +
_ [ + !]



1220095410_10281221_9370560_7745393_odoldord (291x350, 12Kb)

 

             


 

 
 
 
-  ()

- ()

...
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(1)

, 17 2011 . 01:01 +
Tatjana_Weiman [ + !]






.

(1)

.

, 17 2011 . 01:00 +
Aelios [ + !]

.

, , . . !











.

(0)

, 23 2011 . 22:18 +
TATYSIY [ + !]









.

(0)

.

, 11 2011 . 21:09 +
[ + !]

.

 

 






 
 
( ) 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 


 

  

   (I, me, you, he, him, she, her, it, we, us, you, they, them)

   (my, mine, your, yours, his, her, hers, its, our, ours, your, yours, their, theirs)

-   (myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, oneself, ourselves .)

   (each other, one another)

   (this, these, that, those, such, the same, it)

   (who, whom, what, which, whose)

   (who, whom, what, which, whose, that)

   (no, none, neither, no one, nobody, nothing)

   (some, any, somebody, someone, something, anybody, anyone, anything, one)

   (all, both, either, each, every, everybody, everyone, everything, other, another)  

  (many, much, few, little, a few, a little, several)

, .   
.

.   

 

The Present Indefinite (Simple)   
To be to have (got)    
The Present Continuous   
to be going to   
, Continuous 
The Present Perfect   
Present Perfect Past Indefinite   
The Present Perfect Continuous   

The Past Indefinite (Simple)
The Past Continuous
The Past Perfect
The Past Perfect Continuous 

 

The Future Indefinite (Simple)  
The Future Continuous  
The Future Perfect  
The Future Perfect Continuous 
The Future in the Past 

   

Passive
 
   
Passive 

 
;  
 
;   

; .   

: can, may, must, ought (to)  
: to have (to), to be (to)  
: shall, should, will, would, need, dare  

 

 
 
  
for  
 

 
  
 

Present Participle Simple  
Present Participle Perfect  
Past Participle (Participle II) 
 
  
 

 
 
 
 

   

    
   
  

, .    

 


 

there is 



 
 
 

 ( .)

 
 

 
 
 

 

  

 

 

  
  
 
  
  
 
 

   

     

 

- .

.

(2)

, 23 2011 . 12:13 +
ANDREI-STOLIAR [ + !]

C 1 2011


, « », (314 ) «», , , 1 2011 .

, – , – . , , , (). .

...
.

(0)

, 10 2011 . 00:27 +
52 [ + !]




, , , , (),
(), ,

,
, , .
(
).
.
,
, .




" ":

1 -
2 -
...
79 - .
80 -
81 -
82 - - - LiveInternet
83 -
...
98 - ? :))
99 -
100 -


.

(0)

, 09 2011 . 23:20 +
SneznyBars [ + !]

25

25      (8 )


?
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(0)

, 31 2011 . 09:48 +
72 [ + !]





http://ickust.claw.ru/

«»

 


      • »
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        .

        , 30 2011 . 00:00 +
        _ [ + !]

        .

        (0)

        , ...

        , 19 2011 . 23:58 +
        Lutik58 [ + !]

        - , ,

        - , ,
        >>>
        .

        (0)

        , 12 2011 . 12:02 +
        [ + !]



        http://www.dragunkin.ru/5-11-2.jpg , , , , . . ,  .
        , .
        , , , .
        , , , , , ,  .
        , , .

        ...
        .

        (0)

        , 12 2011 . 12:01 +
        _ [ + !]







         (578x114, 21Kb)
         (591x323, 8Kb)

        .
             
        http://www.homeenglish.ru/Grammar.htm
        ,

         

         











         
         
        ( ) 
         

         



         
         
         
         
         




         



          


           (
        I, me, you, he, him, she, her, it, we, us, you, they, them
        )


           (
        my, mine, your, yours, his, her,
        hers, its, our, ours, your, yours,
        their, theirs
        )


        -   (
        myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, oneself, ourselves
        .
        )


           (
        each other, one another)


           (
        this, these, that, those, such, the same, it
        )


           (
        who, whom, what, which, whose)


           (
        who, whom, what, which, whose, that)


           (
        no, none, neither, no one, nobody, nothing
        )


           (
        some, any, somebody, someone, something,
        anybody, anyone, anything, one)


           (
        all, both, either, each, every, everybody, everyone, everything, other, another)
         


          (
        many, much, few, little, a few, a little, several)



        , .   
        .




        .   


         


        The Present Indefinite (Simple)   
        To be to have (got)
           
        The Present Continuous   
        to be going to   
        , Continuous 
        The Present Perfect   

        Present Perfect Past Indefinite
           
        The Present Perfect Continuous   



        The Past Indefinite (Simple)
        The Past Continuous
        The Past Perfect
        The Past Perfect Continuous 


         


        The Future Indefinite (Simple)  
        The Future Continuous  
        The Future Perfect  
        The Future Perfect Continuous 
        The Future in the Past 





           


        Passive
         
           
        Passive 



         
        ;
         

         
        ;   



        ; .   


        :
        can, may, must, ought (to)
          
        :
        to have (to), to be (to)
          
        :
        shall, should, will, would,
        need, dare
          


         




         
         
          
        for  
         



         
          
         



        Present Participle Simple  
        Present Participle Perfect  
        Past Participle (Participle II) 
         
          
         



         
         
         
         



           


            
           
          




        ,
        .    


         






         


        there is 





         
         
         


         ( .)


         
         




         
         
         


         


          


         


         


          
          
         
          
          
         
         


           


             


         




        -





        .




        " "

        ,

        .


        "to vodka"

        1. :

        1.1 (Indefinite),
        ,

        1.2 (Continuous),
        .

        1.3 (Perfect),
        ,
        .


        2. -, :

        2.1 (Present) -
        2.2 (Past) -
        2.3 (Future) -
        , : , . .


        3. .

        3.1. Present

        3.1.1. Present Indefinite
        ( ).

        I vodka every day - .
        every day :
        usually, seldom, often, from time to time,
        from melkaya posuda, bolshimi giotkamy...


        3.1.2. Present Continuous
        ( )

        I am vodking now. -


        is constantly vodking - .


        3.1.3. Present Perfect
        ( )

        I have already vodked. -
        ( )

        3.1.4. Present Perfect Continuous
        ( -)

        I have been vodking since childhood.
        ( inclusive).

        ( exclusive).


        3.2. Past

        3.2.1 Past Indefinite ( )

        I vodked yesterday -
        ( 3.1.3 - )

        3.2.2. Past Continuous ( ).

        3.2.1.

        Unfortunately, I was vodking at the moment
        my wife came. -
        , ,
        .

        3.2.3 Past Perfect ( ).
        .

        I had already vodked when my wife came. -
        , .

        3.2.4 Past Perfect Continuous
        ( -).

        I had been vodking for about a month when my wife came.
        , .


        3.3. Future

        3.3.1 Future Indefinite ( ).

        I wiil vodka tomorrow. - .
        :

        ( )
        3.3 1 3.1.1:
        If I vodka tomorrow I will be sick the day after tomorrow. -
        , .

        3.3.2 Future Continuous ( ).

        I will be vodking tomorrow at 5. -

        .
        :

        3.3.1.
        3 3.2
        Soon! Soon I will be vodking.
        - ! !

        3.3.3 Future Perfect ( )
        .

        Tomorrow by 5 o'clock I will have vodked. -
        .

        3.3.4 Future Perfect Continuous
        ( -).

        By tomorrow morning I will have been
        vodking for a week. -
        .

        3.3.5 Future in the Past
        ( ).

        Would you vodka in the children garden? -
        ?


        LVN



        .

        (2)

        .

        , 26 2011 . 12:15 +
        [ + !]

        -



        ( )
        (1832-1902)

        -.
        - , .

        1851-1858 , . . .

        1861 . " " " ".
        . 60- .


        . 1881, , , 64115

        ...
        .

        (0)

        , 19 2011 . 22:02 +
        Aelios [ + !]

        .

        , , . . !











        .

        (0)

        , 19 2011 . 21:57 +
        Olga_777 [ + !]

        .

        1. !

           , , , , . : , . - , , , . The good news , . , .
        . , - "". - .
        . :
        1) ;
        2) . , . " ", , .


        2. !

           - .
        :
        1. (: WHAT, WHO, WHEN, WHY, HOW MANY TIMES)
        2. - (: DID, HAVE, WILL, ARE)
        3. (: MIKE, THE GORILLA, THE CHILDREN, MY FAVOURITE PIG)
        4. ( ) (: MARRY, CRYING, EAT MY BREAKFAST, MEET TOMORROW)

        ?
        How many times did Mike marry? - ?
        Why are the children crying? - ?
        When did the gorilla eat my breakfast ? - ?
        Who will my favourite pig meet tomorrow? - ?
        . 2, 3 4.
        Did the gorilla eat my breakfast?
        Are the children crying?
        , , .
        - , . "What have the girls bought?" - " ?". "have" - , , Present Perfect. (! - Present Perfect? - !)
        , , :
        1.,
        2.,
        3. , 1-2-3-4 (. )
        :
        1. ?
        2. ?
        3. ?
        4. ?
        5. ?

        Key to the exercise
        1. ?    Why did Richard open this door?
        2. ?    Where will you have dinner (Where are you going to have dinner?)
        3. ?    When do Edward and his wife usually get up in the morning?
        4. ?    Have you bought the mushrooms (Did you buy the mushrooms?)
        5. ?    What did Uncle Morgan watch on TV yesterday?


        3. "I like" "I'd like"?

        "What does Anna like?" "What is Anna like?"
          "I like" "I'd like" - " " " ".
        "What does Ann like?" - " ?" "What is Ann like?" - " ".
          1a) "I like coffee" - " " . I like grapefruits. I like travelling. like - , "".
          1b) "What does Ann like?" - " ?" like - , "". , "does".
          2) "I'd like some coffee" - " " ("I'd" "I would", ).
        , "I like" -ing' (I like travelling - ), "I'd like" - (I'd like to travel around Russia - .)
          3) "What is Ann like?" - " " (: " ?"). like - , " ". , "is".
        :
        "I don't like cooking" - " ". ( 1a)
        "Why don't you like hamsters?" - " ?" ( 1b)
        "I'd like to visit Italy again" - " " ( 2)
        "He isn't like his father" - " ". ( 3)
        "I really like white coffee?" - " " ( 1a)
        "Do you parents like living in the country?" - " "? ( 1b)
        "Would you like some more wine?" - " ?" ( 2)
        "Is Berlin really like Boston?" - " ?" ( 3)
        :
        1. . .
        2. ?
        3. ?
        4. ?
        5.
        Key to the exercise
        1. . .    I wouldn't like any coffee now. I'd like some tea.
        2. ?    What's the island of Tenerife like?
        3. ?    Do your friends like living in the country?
        4. ?    Would you like to watch this film again?
        5. .    English films aren't like American ones.



        4. "do you have", - "have you"?

           HAVE . HAVE GOT.
          1) "I have a house, a husband and a car" - " , ". have - ", " " ".
        : I don't have a wife.
        : Do you have any money?
        "I'm having a flat" ( continuous) - .
          1b) HAVE ( 1a) HAVE GOT: "I've got a flat, a wife and two computers" - " , ". !
        : I haven't got a wife.
        : Have you got any money?
        "have". "I have got a computer" (!), "I've got a computer".
          2) "I never have breakfast" - " ". "have" - . , . , , . : "have a shower" (" "), "have a coffee" (" "), "have fun" (""), "have a swim" - , "Thanks for having me" - ", ", ", " ( , , .)
        : I don't have breakfast.
        : Do you usually have a morning swim?
        "I'm having breakfast " ( continuous) - .
          3) "Sorry, I have to go" - ", ". "have" - , " ", " ".
        : I don't have to go. ( ", , ").
        : Do you have to do work at weekends?
        "I'm having to go " ( continuous) - .
          4) "I've bought a new car" - " ". "have" - , , , , Present Perfect. (! - Present Perfect? - !)
        : I haven't bought any eggs.
        : Have you seen my new pen?
        "have". "I have answered all my emails" "I've answered all my emails".
        ! , ! , : he, she, it, , he, she, it ( John, Melissa, my favourite yellow chair, .. - ) - "he have"! HE HAS!
        :
        "I have a cousin in New York" - " ( ) -". ( 1a)
        "Have you got some time for me?" - " ?" ( 1b)
        "Valerie! Are you having a shower?" - "! , ?" ( 2)
        "Do you really have to leave?" - " , ?". ( 3)
        "I haven't finished yet, please wait" - " , , " ( 4)
        "Peter doesn't have a TV." - " ". ( 1a)
        "Peter hasn't got a TV" - " ". ( 1b)
        "Have fun!" - " !" ( 2)
        "Ray's wife doesn't have to work." - " ". ( 3)
        "Have you been to Japan? - Yes, I have. Twice." - " ? - . ." ( 4)
        , HAVE (1a, 1b, 2, 3, 4) :
        1. : do you have, have you
        2. : I don't have, I haven't
        3. Continuous,
        4. , - - .
        :
        1. ? - .
        2. ! !
        3. ?
        4. .
        5. ?
        6. 6 .
        7. !
        8., - !
        Key to the exercise
        1. ? - .    Where's Jennifer? - She's having (a) coffee. (2)
        2. ! !    I haven't seen your socks! Look for them yourself! (4)
        3. ?    Does she have to be (present) at the meeting too? (3)
        4. .    Susan doesn't have a boyfriend. (1a) or Susan hasn't got a boyfriend. (1b)
        5. ?    Does your car have air-conditioning? (1a) or Has your car got air-conditioning? (1b)
        6. 6 .    I have to return home by 6. (3)
        7. !    Laura's bought ( Laura has bought) a new motorbike! (4)
        8., !    Yes, it's true - I never have a shower!


        5. Present Perfect?

           , : , - .
        , , :
        1)
        2) .

           Present Perfect?

         
        Present Perfect
        +
        + have / has + 3

        I’ve written three love letters. – ( ).
        Doctor Pedro’s just arrived. – .
        -
        + have / has + NOT + 3

        I haven’t spoken to him yet. – .
        My luggage hasn’t arrived yet. – .
        ?
        (. ) + have / has + + 3

        (Why) have you eaten my sandwich? – () ?

        HAVE , , .
        HAVE 'VE.
        (do - did - done), - ! - -ED (answered, worked). : I've answered all my emails ( ).
        he, she, it ( 3 ) HAS ( have). : Jeremy has eaten your lunch (Jeremy – “he”, “he” “has”).
        1.
        Present Perfect. ( : Present Perfect ?)
        1.We (have) five dance teachers. – .
        2.I (buy) a fat hamster. – .
        3.Mr Collins (not marry) his neighbour yet. – .
        4.You know, this girl (not be) to a casino. – , .
        5.Michael, (you / paint) the chair yet? - , ?
        6.(Your friend Puppo / ever / try) Mongolian tea with fat? - - ?
        ? ?
        , , :

           Present Perfect?
        Present Perfect . . : «- , ». , , , Present Perfect.
        'My cat has eaten a fly' - ' '. , , - – Present Perfect. , ( ), : 'Look! I've broken your cup!' (Present Perfect).
        :
        ) « » (just), «» (already) « » (yet) – Present Perfect. I’ve already done it! I’ve just finished! I haven’t finished yet! «», « » « » - Present Perfect.
        b) - « ?», - – «has he arrived yet?» ( already)
        c) : «Not yet». « ».
        2. :
        1. .
        2. ?
        3. .
        4. .
        5., - .
        6. .
        7. , ? – .
        Key to the exercise
        Present Perfect - .
        1.
        1.We’ve had five dance teachers ("have had" - !)     .
        2.I’ve bought a fat hamster.     .
        3.Mr Collins hasn’t married his neighbour yet.     .
        4.You know, this girl hasn’t been to a casino ( has never been to a casino).    , .
        5.Michael, have you painted the chair yet?    , ?
        6.Has Puppo ever tried Mongolian tea with fat?     - ?
        Present Perfect .

        2.
        1. .    I’ve bought a amazing pineapple.
        2. ?    Have you come back ( returned) from Bolivia yet?
        3. .    Vanya and George have already drunk six mugs.
        4. .    He’s decided to learn Chinese.
        5., - .    Tina, I know. Your husband has already sold your diamonds.
        6. .    John Lennon has visited me at night and told me about my future. (: “told” “has told” ).
        7. , ? – .    Have you washed your feet yet, honey? – Not yet.


        6. Present Perfect -

           Present Perfect. ( , Present Perfect – . 5).
           2: " (, , ..) ".
        , ( :-), , , – Present Perfect.
        I've visited Thailand eight times. 8 . ( , – Present Perfect).
        , , – Past Simple.
        I visited in Thailand in 1999. ( – Past simple)
        I've visited Thailand eight times ( 8 – Present Perfect). I visited it for the first time in 1999. After this I went there every year. ( – 1999 , – Past Simple)
        "have you ever been to" - " - ...". TO, IN ( ). – , . : " " - "I've been to Jamaica", " " - "I was in Jamaica last summer".
           3: " 10 ".
        " 10 ", " ", " ", " 8 ". - , , PRESENT SIMPLE. , "HOW LONG" - . : "I live in Moscow" - , "I live in Moscow for 10 years" - . , , Present Perfect. – "I've lived in Moscow for ten years". "Zo has worked for this company since April".
        : Present Perfect 3, : 1) ( Present Simple) 2) :
        I've known Mike since school / We haven't seen each other for two weeks / How long have you lived in this country? / How long have you known Mike? / She hasn't worked since she had a baby.
           , - ( Present Continuous), – Present Continuous (I'm riding my bicycle) Present Perfect Continuous (I've been riding my bicycle for 2 hours). .
           – last but not least. , 1 2 Present Perfect , 3- – .
        Look! I've dropped your glass! ! (1 ; ).
        I've never been to India. (2 ; ).
        I've worked for Coca-cola since last October. Coca-cola . (3 , )
           Present Perfect. .
        1. 2 .
        2. - The Mars Volta?
        3. 2 .
        4. ? – .
        5. .
        6. , . – .
        7. !
        8. 10 .
        9. ? – .
        10. The Mars Volta, .
        Key to the exercise
        1. 2 .    I haven’t seen my uncle for 2 years.
        2. - The Mars Volta?    Have you ever heard The Mars Volta?
        3. 2 .    Laura and Jack have known each other just for two weeks.
        4. ? – .    Who has been to Sweden? – I have.
        5. .    He hasn’t come back from work yet.
        6. , . – .    Please buy some sausage my friend. – I’ve already bought some.
        7. !    I’ve never had breakfast so late!
        8. 10 .    We’ve been together for ten years.
        9. ? – .    Have the workers finished fixing the car yet? – Not yet.
        10. The Mars Volta, .    I haven’t bought all The Mars Volta albums yet, but I will.


        7. Present Perfect Past Simple?

           Present Perfect? , . : "Wow! You’ve bought great new jeans!" ( , ).
        , , , Present Perfect , PAST SIMPLE.
           1 – .
        Present Perfect , Past Simple. :
        - Look! I think I’ve broken your phone! (Present Perfect – , )
        - Oh have you? What did you do? ( , – Past Simple).
        - Well, I decided to phone Kevin. Then I took my coffee… ( Past Simple.)
           2 – .
        , Past Simple: " , " - "The cat ate a fly, came back to the kitchen and jumped onto the chair" . , .
           3 – .
        , , - Past Simple, . " " - "The cat ate a fly forty minutes ago", " " - "Misha tore a hole in his coat last year", " " - "In July my hamster had a baby".
        , : , (this week, this year, today, ..), Present Perfect: " ". – "I haven’t been on holiday this year." " ?" -"Have you seen Ms Lowell today?"
           .
        1) -! – I’ve bought a CD ( , – => PRESENT PERFECT).
        2) , – I came to the shop, took a CD from a shelf and went home. ( => PAST SIMPLE)
        3) , ? – Peter, have you drunk all your milk yet? ( => PRESENT PERFECT).
        4) , . – Peter drank his milk and said that it was off. ( , – => PAST SIMPLE)
          : PAST SIMPLE?
         
        Past Simple
        +
        2- *

        I drank your beer. – .
        I kicked my friend and ran away. – .
        -
        didn’t + 1-

        I didn’t drink your beer. – .
        I didn’t kick my friend. – .
        ?
        Did + + 1-

        Did you drink my milk? - ?
        Did Kevin find my passport? – ?

        *2- – – +ed ( ask-asked, work-worked), – : go-went-gone. , – – .
          . .
        1. .
        2. ! – ?
        3. ! !
        4. ? – .
        5. .
        6. .
        7. ?
        8. ! – !
        9. ? – . – ? – .
        10. . – .
        Key to the exercise
        1. .    I’ve never been to Japan. ( 6, 2)
        2. ! – ?    I’ve bought a new watch! – Where did you buy it? ( 7, 1)
        3. ! !    I haven’t been to the gym for a month! It’s great! ( 6, 2)
        4. ? – .    Has Maria woken up yet? – Not yet. ( 5, 1)
        5. .    I didn’t see my boss yesterday ( 7, 3)
        6. .    I haven’t seen my boss today. ( 7, 3)
        7. ?    How long have you known each other? ( 6, 3)
        8. ! – !    Wash your hands! – I’ve already washed them! ( 5, 1)
        9. ? – . – ? – .    Has Tim come back from France? – Yes, he has. – When did he return? – On Wednesday. ( 7, 1)
        10. . – .    I’ve never been to Rio. – And I went there last April. ( 6, 2 – 7, 3)


        8.

           .
           , - "IF" ( ""), . .
        Zero conditional ( )
        First conditional ( )
        Second conditional ( )
        Third conditional ( )
        Mixed conditional ( )
           IF, :
        1., - , ""
        2., (, ) .
           , , conditional' . "" ( conditional ), – ! Your grammar is fantastic!

        ""?
        ?

        ""
        Zero conditional

        - , -, .
        , . If you keep coffee in the freezer, its aroma stays longer.
        If + present simple | Present simple
        First conditional


        , "trifle" ("" "" - "). If you buy some cream, I'll make some trifle.
        If + present simple | will + 1st form
        Second conditional


        , . ( – .. ). If I lived in Amsterdam, I'd visit the Van Gogh museum every day.
        If + past simple | would + 1st form
        Third conditional


        , . ( , – ). If you had bought the tickets in advance, we would've seen the concert.
        If + past perfect | would have + 3rd form
        Mixed conditional

        ( "") - . ( "") - .
        20 , . ( – , - ). If I had married Peter Jackson 20 years ago, we'd live in New Zealand now.
        If + past perfect | would + 1st form

           .
        – ! , - , – . . , – - . – Zero Conditional, . "", Second, Third Mixed conditionals.
        First Conditional – , "after IF no WILL". Zero Conditional – . .
           . , : 1) ""? 2) ? – conditional'a. – ! ( – . – ).
        1. , .
        2. , .
        3. , .
        4. , .
        5. , .
        6. , .
        7. , .
        8. , .
        9. , .
        10. , .
        Key to the exercise
        1. , .    ZERO conditional. If you try to do one same thing for a long time, sooner or later it happens.
        2. , .    FIRST conditional. If you don't come tomorrow, I won't come either.
        3. , .    SECOND conditional. If I didn't have a mobile phone, life would be hard.
        4. , .    MIXED conditional. If I hadn't learnt Chinese at school, I wouldn't live in China now.
        5. , .    THIRD conditional. If Misha hadn't broken the neighbour's door, she wouldn't have stolen his bicycle.
        6. , .    FIRST conditional. I'll phone you if you leave me your phone number. – –"if" , . "If you leave me your phone number, I'll phone you".
        7. , .    THIRD conditional. If I had come five minutes later, I would've missed the train.
        8. , .    ZERO conditional. If it rains at the end of March, summer is usually cold.
        9. , .    MIXED conditional. If I'd given her the key, we'd be home now.
        10. , .    SECOND conditional. If I were you, I'd buy a new car immediately. – " " "If I were you".


        9. : 2nd and 3rd conditionals

          2nd and 3rd conditionals.
           - "", – , "Conditionals", . : " , ". – If the car doesn’t start, we’ll dance around it.
        "" - . , "".
        . , – ?
        1. " , , . , ".
        2. " , ‘C ’".
        , , . : – . "". – . "".
        , c – , " ".
           (c “”) , – Second conditional.
           (c “”) , – Third Conditional. ( Conditionals – . ).
        – Second and Third Conditionals..
          Second conditional. ( )
        "" Second conditional: IF + + Past Simple | + would + 1 .
        : , "Samaritaine". - If I lived in Paris, I’d buy all my clothes at Samaritaine.
        ( : 1) "" - , conditional. 2) "" - 3) – . 4) – Second Conditional. 5) Second Conditional ).
        : , . - If I didn’t know the answer, I’d ask you.
        – I would – I’d. . , .
        : – If I were you. .
          Third conditional ( ).
        "" Third conditional: IF + + Past Perfect | + would have + 3 .
        : , .– If I had met you yesterday, I would have returned your book.
        ( : 1) "" - , conditional. 2) "" - 3) – . 4) – Third Conditional. 5) Third Conditional ).
        : , . – We would have watched this film together, if you hadn’t arrived so late yesterday.
        – ( “if” , ).
        .
           Past Simple?
        +
        + 2-
        The train arrived at six o’clock. ( –ed)
        I ate your sandwich. ( – 2- )
        -
        + didn't + 1- ( , )
        The train didn’t arrive at seven o’clock.
        I didn’t eat your sandwich.
        ?
        + did + + 1- ( , )
        Why did the plane arrive so late?
        Why did you eat my sandwich?

           Past Perfect?
        +
        + had + 3-
        I’d asked him before you arrived. ( –ed)
        I’d eaten your sandwich before you arrived. ( – 3- )
        – had ‘d.
        -
        + hadn’t + 3-
        I hadn’t asked him before you arrived.
        I hadn’t eaten your sandwich before you arrived.
        ?
        + had + + 3-
        Why had you asked him before I arrived?
        Why had you eaten my sandwich before I arrived?

           ? , "-". . " ". "" "-" – , . "" "-". " " " - ". , "" "" - . ( , , ).
           1-, 2-, 3- ?
        1- – , : walk, drink.
        2- - - + -ED: walked. - 2- : drank.
        3- - - + -ED: walked. - 3- : drunk.
           – ? , .
          ’d – ‘had’ ‘would’? , . , , .
        . ! , , – advanced . – , , . 200-250 – conditionals , .
        (2 3) .
        . .
        1. , .
        2. , – .
        3. , .
        4. , .
        5. , ?
        6. , .
        B. .
        1. , .
        2. , . ! !
        3. , .
        4. , , , .
        5. , .
        6. , .
        7. , .
        8. , .
           . " , ". , – ( ""). – Second Third Conditional? , ? " , " (If I knew the answer, I’d tell you). : " , " (If I’d known the answer, I would have told you).
        , , : "" , , . , .

        Key to the exercise
        . .
        1. , .    (3rd) If you hadn’t forgotten the key at work, you would’ve opened the door.
        2. , – .    (2nd) I’d help you if I had time, but I don’t have time.
        3. , .    (2nd) If I lived in Paris, I’d have croissants for breakfast.
        4. , .    (3rd) He wouldn’t have married her if she hadn’t cooked so wonderfully.
        5. , ?    (2nd) Would you buy a ticket tomorrow if you had free time?
        6. , .    (2nd) If I were you, I’d phone her.
        B. .
        1. , .    (3rd) You would have understood yesterday’s lesson much better if you’d read more slowly.
        2. , . ! !    (2nd) If I weren’t so busy, I’d go to the cinema with you. But look! So much work!
        3. , .    (3rd) The conference would have failed if Peterson hadn’t made such a wonderful report.
        4. , , , .    (3rd) I’d probably have answered you before if I’d had exact information on this issue.
        5. , .    (3rd) If Oleg had known when to stop, he wouldn’t have smashed the courier’s nose.
        6. , .    (3rd) We wouldn’t have gone to this resort if the children hadn’t asked us.
        7. , .    (3rd) If Tchaikovsky hadn’t drunk a glass of water, he wouldn’t have died of cholera three days after.
        8. , .    (3rd) If we lived on the Canary Islands, we’d miss the Russian snow.


        10.

           "" ( " "!!! – 9), 90%
        First Conditional.
        : , . – If you phone me in the evening, I’ll explain everything to you.
        : , . – I won’t pay you back if he doesn’t tell me everything.
        – - – . -? - IF Present Simple ( – . ), – .
        : , ! – If Michael wears dirty shoes again tomorrow, I’ll beat him up!
          , :
        WILL IF – .
        – after if– no will! After IF – no WILL. AFTER IF– NO WILL. : ( , ): A-F-T-E-R ! I-F ! N-O !! W-I-L-L!!!
        ! .
           10% ?
        Zero Conditional.
        Zero Conditional - , "" ( First Conditional), .
        : " , ". – If you eat a lot of butter, you become fat.
        : 100 , ( ). If you boil water, if evaporates.
        Present Simple ( – . ).
        :
        , . – If children don’t watch TV in the evening, they sleep badly.
        Zero Conditional - , .
           . – ZERO FIRST Conditional .
        1. , .
        2. , .
        3. , (to copy) .
        4. , .
        5. , , .
        6., Sparks, (to give) .
        Key to the exercise
        1. , .    (1st) You’ll lose the game if you don’t prepare.
        2. , .    (1st) If you buy a new coat, I’ll buy you a beautiful scarf.
        3. , (to copy) .    (1st) The teacher won’t see if I copy the homework.
        4. , .    (Zero) If a car is new, it usually doesn’t break down.
        5. , , .    (Zero) If a girl wears a ring on her finger, it doesn’t mean she’s married.
        6., Sparks, (to give) .    (1st) Alex, if you like this Sparks CD, I’ll give you one more.





           Present Simple?
        +
        + 1- .
        he, she, it – 1 –s ( sh, ch – es).
        I like gorillas.
        He likes bananas. Mary watches TV all night.
        -
        + don’t + 1- .
        he, she, it – don’t doesn’t + - 1- .
        We don’t read newspapers.
        Alex doesn’t speak French.
        ?
        + do + + 1- .
        he, she, it – do does.
        Why do you live without a fridge?
        How often does William take shower?

           ? , "-". . " ". "" "-" – , . "" "-". " " " - ". , "" "" - . ( , , ).
           1-, 2-, 3- ?
        1- – , : walk, drink.
        2- - - + -ED: walked. - 2- : drank.
        3- - - + -ED: walked. - 3- : drunk.

        .


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