-

   Meness

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 -

(1)

, 18 2015 . 15:35 +
photobooth [ftb] - ,
marshmallow [mml] -
crush [kr] - ; (-)
glitter [glt] -
nail [nel] - 1) ; 2) ,
junk [dk] - .
binge [bnd] - 1) . , ; 2) ,
coyote [kouti] - ,
howl [hal] - , ;
thrift [rft] - ,
scrunchie [skrnti] - 1) ; 2)
teepee [tip] -
ferris wheel [ferz wil] - ,
watermelon [wtmln] -
trophy [troufi] - , ,
trampoline [trmplin] -
palamino [plmin] -
mermaid [mmd] -
bunkbed [bbd] -
denim [denm] -
clover [klouv] -
blanket [blkt] -
bleach [blit] -
stain [sten] - ,
_______

1. Room service
2. Road trips to nowhere in particular
3. First kisses
4. Trying to fit too many people in a photobooth
5. Stepping into the ocean
6. Disco balls
7. Big crystal chandeliers
8. Handwritten letters in the mail
9. Hot cocoa a marshmallows
10. Palm tree lines streets
11. New favorite songs
12. The last day of school
13. Wildflowers in your hair
14. Unpacking in a hotel room
15. A phone call from your crush
16. Clothes right out of the dryer
17. Lemonade stands
18. Running through a sprinkler
19. Movie marathons
20. Glitter nail polish
21. 80' s TV show theme songs
22. Little puppies
23. Junk food binges
24. Your favorite baggy t-shirt
25. Coyotes howling at night
26. Good thrift stores
27. Crying to laughing to hard
28. Last minute house parties
29. Breakfast for dinner
30. Scrunchies
31. Faking an accent really badly
32. Coconut oil
33. Camping with your new boyfriend
34. Teepees
35. Picking strawberries
36. Perfect seats at the movie
37. Sound of the rain while you' re in bed
38. Childhood stuffed animals
39. Ferris wheels
40. Decorating your bedroom
41. Getting flowers for no reason
42. A new book
43. Cutting watermelon slices
44. Winning a trophy
45. Embarrassing karaoke
46. Making cupcakes
47. Old rock n' roll songs
48. Peanut butter& jelly sandwiches
49. Trampolines
50. New pens and pencils
51. Palamino ponies
52. Swimming in Hawaii
53. Game nights
54. Christmas ornaments
55. First snowflakes
56. Drinking cold milk
57. Running home barefoot
58. Bikini tan lines
59. Lightning and thunder in Paris
60. Perfume sprayed letters
61. 7 minutes in heaven
62. Beach bonfires
63. Pretending you' re mermaid
64. New magazines
65. The Beverly Hills hotel
66. Bunkbeds
67. Sleeping under the stars
68. Huge white towels
69. The sound of the ocean from a vacation cottage
70. Fashion shows
71. Old movies with glamourous stars
72. Old photo albums
73. Eggs sunny side up
74. Driving a moped to the baseball game
75. Falling in love with a friend
76. Butterfly migration
77. Climbing trees
78. Tiny spoons
79. Driving along the coast
80. Quiet library with your crush
81. High waisted denim shorts
82. Four leaf clovers
83. Laurel Canyon
84. Gas station sunglasses
85. Toe rings
86. Army jackets
87. Taking the train
88. Meeting a boy who doesn' t speak Russian
89. Riding home with a box of pizza on your lap
90. Sketching at a French restaurant when it' s raining
91. Staying somewhere with no hot water
92. Drive-in movies
93. BBQ smell in the summertime
94. Soft blankets in bed
95. Bleached hair
96. Striped t' s on a yacht
97. Jumping off the high dive
98. Naming mix cds
99. Tie dying stained clothing
100. Running through the rain

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(0)

, 18 2015 . 15:32 +
Pull yourself together! !
Dont take it to heart. He .
Dont get upset about it. He - .
Let us hope for the best. .
Everything will be all right. .
Things happen. .
Next time lucky. .
What a pity! !
I'll l never get over it. .
I appreciate your difficulties. .
It was a success. .
It is as good as done. , .
It was a failure / flop. .
It didnt work out. .
It was a near thing. / ...
It was a narrow escape. .
He kept his promise. .
failed us. .
backed out. ( ).
That is the way things are. .
As things stand now... ...
It is urgent. .
Time is getting short. .
It can wait. . ( )
There is no hurry. .
And what if... ...
It is worth trying. .
I'll see about it. .
Ill arrange it with him. / .
I would rather do smth. -.
I have changed my mind. .
I am in two minds. ...
I can't make up my mind. / .
Do it right a way. .
Dont put it off till the last moment. He .

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(0)

ING vs ED (adjectives)

, 18 2015 . 15:31 +
, :

exciting / excited - -
interesting / interested - -
boring / bored - -
amazing / amazed - -
confusing / confused - - ,
surprising / surprised - -

, ?
"__ing" , -. "-ing" , :
This book is really interesting! - !

, . , "boring" () "bored" ().

"__ed" , -. , "interested", .

I can tell that Mark is annoyed. He keeps giving me angry glances.
, .

"-ed" , .

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(1)

, 18 2015 . 15:30 +
What makes you so sure? - ?
Are you nuts? - , ?
How's that? - ?
How come, (that) ...? - , ...?
What have I got to do? - ?
What's the use of? - ? / ?:
What's the use of worrying? - ?
Why worry him? - ?
What if I refuse? - , ?
Surely you can see that. - ?
Surely you saw them. - ?
What is it taking so long? - ? / ?
What is going on (here)? - () ?
Are you kidding? ?:
What makes you think (that) ...? - , ...:
What makes you think I was there? - , ?
Coming along? - ? / ( / )?:
Let's go to the bar. . Coming along, Tom? . . , ( )?
What remains to be done? - ?
Are you getting the picture?- ( / )?
Make yourself clear .
So what? - ? ?
Can you be more specific? - ? / ?
What is this all about? - ?
Who are they to judge us? - , ?
What gave you that idea? - ?
No fooling?- ? / ?
But supposing... what then? - , ,..., ?:
The question now is ...? - ...?:
So what's the hitch? - ?
What is your point? - ?
Can you manage it? - ?:
Do you think I don't know what's been going on behind my back? - , , ?
What is it to you? - - ? ?
What's the hold-up? - ?
How long did you hold office? / How long have you held office? - / ?
Why not do smth. while we are about it? - - ?:
How do you account for doing smth.? - / ?:
How do you account for being late? - ?
Is that why / where / what / ...? - / / / ...?:
Is that why they didn't invite us? - .
Is that where you were? - . / ?
Why is it ...? - , ..,?:
Are you out of your mind? - ? How so? - ?

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(0)

:

, 18 2015 . 15:29 +
It's fine. - .
It's a good idea. - .
I mean it. - .
Not bad. - .
Most likely. - .
By the way. - .
That's right. - .
Time after time. - .
It's not serious. .
In other words. - .
It's not important. - .
In short. - .
As soon as possible - .
May I ask you a question? - ?
That explains it. - .
As to... - ...
As for... - .
It's enough. - .
It's not worth it. - .
Same to you! - !
You wanna talk about it? - ?
I don't want to do this. - .
I figure it's the least I can do. - , , .
A drop in the bucket. - .
And so on and so forth - .. ..
I've got to go. - .
As I said before. - .
As innocent as a babe unborn - .
As sure as eggs is eggs. - , .
Believe it or not, but ... - , ..
Did I get you right? - ?
Don't mention it. - .
Don't take it to heart. - .
Forgive me, please, I meant well. - , , .
He is not a man to be trifled with. - .
I am afraid you are wrong. - , .
I didn't catch the last word. - .
I was not attending. - .
If I am not mistaken. - .
If I remember rightly. - .
It does you credit. - .
It doesn't matter. - .
It is new to me. - .
Let us hope for the best. - .
Mind your own business. - .
Neither here nor there. - , .
Next time lucky. - .
Nothing much. - .
On the one hand. - .
On the other hand. - .
Say it again, please. - , .
That's where the trouble lies! - !
Things happen. - .
What do you mean by saying it? - , ?
What is the matter? - ?
Where were we? - ?
You were saying? - - ?

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(0)

, 18 2015 . 15:27 +
1. SPEND TIME -
I spend a lot of time studying English. -

2. SAVE TIME -
Shopping online saves me time because I don't have to wait in line at the store. - ,

3. WASTE TIME -
Stop wasting time playing computer games and get to work! - !

4. HAVE TIME -
I'd like to take violin lessons, but I don't have enough time. - ,

5. FREE / SPARE TIME -
In my free time, I enjoy reading, painting, and cooking. - ,

6. ON TIME - ,
It's important to arrive on time for a job interview. -

7. JUST IN TIME -
Hi, Henry! Have a seat - you got here just in time for dinner. - , ! ,

8. KILL TIME / PASS THE TIME -
I killed time reading a novel. -

9. TAKE YOUR TIME - ,
I don't press you for an answer now, darling. Take your time. - , . , .

10. HAVE A HARD / ROUGH TIME - ,
I'm having a hard time solving this math problem. Could you help me? - . ?

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:

, 18 2015 . 15:27 +
suddenly - ,
go together - ,
like a shot -
like hell / like shit - ,
like that -
nothing short of / little short of - /
make a difference - ,
such as it is -
not so much -
nothing much -
matter of course -
matter of opinion -
matter of life and death -
as follows -
at one's best - ,
number one - ,
but good - ,
fair play - -
big deal -
take at face value -
kid stuff - ,
of some sort - -, -

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(0)

, 18 2015 . 15:26 +
a while back / a while ago ,
about time -
after a while
ahead of time
all along
all day long
all the while
any day (now)
at a moments notice
at a time ,
at all times
at last / at long last
at one time
at that point
at the moment
at the point of -
at the same time
at the worst possible time
at times
day after day / day by day / from day to day
day and night
day in, day out
every now and then ,
every so often / once in a while / every now and again ,
for good
for the moment / for the present
from now on
from the ground up
from this day forward
from time to time
from way back
hard times
have a hard time -
have all the time in the world
high time
His days are numbered. .
Hurry up.
in his day
in no time
in no time
in old days
in the meantime
in time / just in time /
It can wait
Its a matter of time
just about
just now
long ago
make haste
make time
more often than not
no longer
on and off ,
on and on ,
on the spot ,
on time
once and for all
once in a while
out of date
play for time
right away
round the clock
run out of time
so far / as yet
sooner or later
speak too soon
take time
Take your time
the whole year round / all year round
There is no hurry
till the end of time
time after time / time and again ,
time is up
time out
time will tell
Times getting short
wait and see

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(0)

, 18 2015 . 15:25 +
1. Many people think, but others do not agree. , () ,
2. Let us consider what are the advantages and disadvantages of , (-)
3. Let us start by considering the facts. .
4. It is generally agreed today that ,
5. To begin with, ,
6. Firstly, / Secondly, / Finally, . -, / -, / ,
7. One argument in support of is (-),
8. The first thing that needs to be said is . , , , , ,
9. First and foremost
10. It is true that / clear that / noticeable that , / , / ,


1. One should note here that ,
2. Another good thing about it is that ,
3. The second reason
4. It is often said that ,
5. It is undeniable that ,
6. It is a well-known fact that ,
7. For the great majority of people
8. We live in a world, in which ,
9. A number of key issues arise from the statement. For instance, . , .
10. One of the most striking features of this problem is
11. First of all, let us try to understand ,
12. The public in general tend to believe that ,
13. What is more, ,
14. Besides, because it is ,
15. Doubtless, / No doubt, ,
16. One cannot deny that ,
17. It is clear from these observations that ,
18. On the other hand, we can observe/notice/see that , ,
19. The other side of the coin is that C ,
20. Another way of looking at this question is to ,
21. One should, nevertheless, consider the problem from another angle. , .
22. One should, however, not forget that , ,
23. If on the one hand it can be said that the same is not true for . , , ,
24. On the other hand, ,
25. Although
26. Besides, ,
27. Moreover, ,
28. Furthermore, one should not forget that , ,
29. In addition to (, )
30. Nevertheless, one should accept that , ,
31. However, we also agree that , ,
32. Experts
believe that ,
say that ,
suggest that ,
are convinced that ,
point out that ,
emphasize that ,
33. According to some experts ,
34. Perhaps, we should also point out the fact that , ,
35. It would be unfair not to mention the fact that ,
36. One must admit that ,
37. We cannot ignore the fact that ,
38. One cannot possibly accept the fact that ,
39. From these facts, one may conclude that , ( ),
40. It seems to confirm the idea that , -, ( ),
41. Thus, / Therefore, , /
42. The most common argument against this is


1. In conclusion, I can say that although .. , ,
2. To draw the conclusion, one can say that , ,
3. So its up to everybody to decide whether or not () ()
4. The arguments we have presented suggest that / prove that / would indicate that , / , / ,
5. From these arguments one must / could / might conclude that . 6. , / / , .

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TO-50

, 18 2015 . 15:24 +
1. As far as I know -
2. If I am not mistaken -
3. As far as I can see -
4. If my memory doesnt fail me -
5. As a matter of fact -
6. It should be underlined that -
7. Frankly speaking -
8. To begin with - -
9. Much has been said & written about -
10. You have a point there. - . .
11 . I mean it. - .
12. Strange as it may seem - ,
13. Reputedly[ripju:tidly] -
14. In my view -
15. As is know (as is know far & wide) -
16. It is important to say (to observed) that - (),
17. Theres no doubt that - ,
18. It seems essential to emphasize that - ,
19. It should be said that - ,
20. It is worth mentioning that... ,
21. I dare say that - ,
22. In my opinion - - ...
23. To my regret -
24. To put it briefly [bri:fli] -
25. As it is known -
26. To the best of my knowledge -
27. I suppose so - ()
28. I suppose not. - .
29. I wouldnt say that - ,
30. I quite agree that ,
31. I agree entirely that ,
32. I agree completely that () ,
33. Im (quite) convinced that () ,
34. Im (quite) positive that ,
35. Im (quite) certain that - ,
36. Im afraid I dont agree ,
37. I am afraid I dont think so ,
38. I believe that ,
39. Its true. .
40. Yes, I think so too. ,
41. Yes, definitely [definitli] , ; .
42. Yes, exactly. , .
43. To begin with it is necessary to say that - , ,
44. In order to understand we must turn to - ,
45. To demonstrate it is necessary to say that - ,
46. It was overestimated (underestimated) - ()
47. To sum up, it should be said that... ( ), , ...
48. It is a well-established fact that - () ,
49. There is no (every) reason to suppose that - ,
50. It can (not) be explained in terms of - (-)..

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(0)

, 18 2015 . 15:22 +
Ache for - -
My girlfriends been away for a fortnight I am ACHING FOR her.

Act up
My computer is ACTING UP, I think I might have a virus.

Answer back
Her mother was shocked when she started ANSWERING her BACK and refusing to help.

Ask after - ,
Jenny rang and ASKED AFTER you, so I told her you were fine.

Ask in
Jons at the door. ASK him IN

Ask out
He wanted to ASK her OUT but was too shy.

Back off
The police told the protesters to BACK OFF.

Back up
You should always BACK UP important files and documents so that you wont lose all your work.

Back up
My husband always BACKS me UP.

Be away -, .
Shes AWAY on business for three weeks.

Be down
Hes been DOWN since his girlfriend left him.

Be fed up
Im FED UP of his complaints.

Be in
They ARE never IN, I always get their answerphone.

Be off ( )
This yoghurt must BE OFF; it smells foul.

Be off ,
Im off home, its 5 oclock.

Be on ( )
The computer IS ON.

Be out
She is OUT on a visit for the day.

Be up
Shes not UP yet.

Beat up ,
The mugger BEAT him UP and stole his wallet.

Bend over
I BENT OVER to do my shoes up.

Bitch up , -
I BITCHED UP the interview.

Blow away
He grabbed a gun and BLEW the police officer AWAY.

Blow away -
His first novel BLEW me AWAY

Book in
Ill BOOK us IN at the Hilton.

Boss around
Stop BOSSING me AROUND.

Break up
Yesterday we decided to BREAK UP.

Break up
The plate BROKE UP when he dropped it on the floor.

Call after - -
She was CALLED Rose AFTER her grandmother.

Call back
I must CALL her BACK when we get to the office.

Call on ,
As we were in the area, we CALLED ON my sister-in-law.

Care for
I dont CARE FOR fizzy drinks; I prefer water.

Carry on
CARRY ON with you work until the teacher arrives.

Check in
They CHECKED IN at the Ritz yesterday.

Check out
She CHECKED OUT and took a cab to the airport.

Check out
She CHECKED OUT last week; the funerals tomorrow.

Chill out ,
Im staying at home and CHILLING OUT this evening.

Come across ,
I CAME ACROSS my old school reports when I was clearing out my desk.

Come across
I was surprised when she CAME ACROSS on the first night.

Come along
May I COME ALONG on your trip tomorrow?

Cool down ,
It took me ages to COOL DOWN after the argument.

Cry out
He CRIED OUT when he dropped the box on his toes.

Die for -
Im DYING FOR the weekend this week has been so hard.

Dine out
We DINED OUT because we didnt want to cook.

Dive in ,
Dinners on the table, so DIVE IN.

Double up
He DOUBLED UP in pain after being hit in his stomach.

Dress up
Its an informal party so theres no need to DRESS UP.

Drop in ,
I was in the area so I DROPPED IN at the office to see her.

Eat in
We didnt feel like going to a restaurant so we ATE IN.

End up -
We couldnt get tickets to the Egypt so we ENDED UP going to Turkey instead.

Fall down
I slipped on the ice and FELL DOWN.

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(0)

If 'said' is dead, use these instead!

, 18 2015 . 15:21 +
to state [stet] ,
to speak [spik] ,
to remark [r'mk] ,
to report [r'pt]
to add [d]

to ask [sk]
to inquire [n'kwa] ,
to request [r'kwest] ,
to beg [beg] ,

to answer ['n(t)s]
to reply [r'pla]
to respond [r'spnd] ,
to acknowledge [k'nl] ,
to explain [k'splen]

to rejoice [r's] ,
to laugh [lf] ,
to joke [uk] ,
to giggle ['ggl]
to sing [s]
to cheer [] ,
to smirk [smk] ,
to marvel ['mv()l] ,
to chime [am] (chime in) ,
to beam [bim] ,

to shout [aut]
to belt [belt] (belt out) ,
to yell [jel] ,
to scream [skrim] ,
to exclaim [ks'klem]
to boom [bum] (boom out) ,
to call [kl] ,

to quake [kwek] ,
to tremble ['trembl]
to stammer ['stm] ,
to stutter ['stt] ,
to gulp [glp] , ; , ( , , )

to demand [d'mnd]
to hiss [hs] ,
to fume [fjum] ((fume at / about / over) , -.
to thunder ['nd] (thunder against) (-. / -.); , ,
to snap [snp] (snap out) ,
to sneer [sn] ,
to bark [bk] ,
to rant [rnt] , ,
to grunt [grnt]
to roar [r] , ,
to bellow ['belu] , ,

to command [k'mnd] ,
to order ['d]
to dictate [dk'tet] ,
to insist [n'sst] ,

to cry [kra] , ;
to sob [sb] ,
to groan [grun] ,
to bawl [bl] ,
to whine [wan] , ,

to mumble ['mmbl] ,
to mutter ['mt] ,
to whisper ['wsp]

to think [k]- ,
to wonder ['wnd] ;
to ponder ['pnd] (ponder on / over) ,

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(0)

, 18 2015 . 15:12 +
. Negative feelings

Anger. , .
Annoyance. .
Irritation. , .
Anxiety. .
Despair. , .
Humiliation. .
Tension. .
Envy. .
Jealousy. .
Fear. .
Shame. .
Guilt. .
Rage. , .
Terror. , .

. Emotional conditions

Be bright and happy. .
To be in a good mood. .
To feel uneasy. , .
To feel anxious. .
To feel lonely. .
To feel scared. .
To feel miserable. .
To feel low. .
To feel guilty. .
To feel put upon. .
To be upset. .
To be tense and jumpy. , .
To be furious. .
To be in a bad temper. .

. Display of emotions

To express ones feelings. .
To hide ones feelings. .
To disguise ones feelings. .
To control ones feelings. .
To reveal ones feelings. .
To cope with ones feelings. , .
To outlet for ones feelings. .
To let off steam. .
To throw tantrums. .
To stream and yell at somebody. , .
To lose ones temper. .
To fly into a rage. .

. Mood

To be in high spirits. .
To be in low spirits. .
Dont give way to moods. .
Dont lose your temper. .
Keep your temper. .
Smile it off. .
Sleep it off. , .
Walk it off. .
I am run down. .
Hes jumpy. .
Hes highly strung. .
Its getting on my nerves. .
Whats got into you? ?

, Irritation, anger.

How annoying! Oh, bother! !
What is it now? , ?
What next? , ?
The cheek! !
What a cad! !
What a rascal! !
Its none of your business. .
Mind your own business. .
To hell with you! !
So what? ?

. Replies.
Get out of here! !
Leave me alone. .
Have a heart! !
Spare me! !

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:

, 18 2015 . 15:12 +
Keep ahead , , .
Keep away from ( ).
Keep back 1) , (); 2) , .
Keep down 1) , ; 2) (, ); 3) ; 4) .
Keep in 1) ; 2) .
Keep off 1) , ; 2) .
Keep on 1) -; 2) ; 3) , ; 4) .
Keep out of 1) (-); 2) -.
Keep together , .
Keep under 1) ; 2) (, ).
Keep up 1) ; 2) ; 3) ; 4) .

Put apart (, ).
Put aside 1) ; 2) -, ; 3) , .
Put away 1) ( , ); 2) ( ); 3) .
Put back 1) , ; 2) ( ); 3) , .
Put forth , .
Put forward 1) , (, ); 2) ( ); 3) .
Put in 1) (, ); 2) ( ); 3) , ; 4) ( - ); 5) .
Put over 1) ; 2) ; 3) , .
Put together 1) , ; 2) .
Put up 1) ; 2) ; 3) ; 4) ; 5) ; 6) ().
Put on , :
( ).
.
.
, .
-, .
Put out put on :
(, ).
, .
, , .
- ( , , ..).
, .
.

Put off:.
.
.
, .

Put through:, ().
.
().

Put down:, ().
().
, .
.
( ).
().
Put across / over: -.

Put ahead .
, () .

Put about: ().
, .

Put across: - .
-.

Turn away , , .
Turn back .
Turn down (1) , .
Turn down (2) , , (, ).
Turn into , , .
Turn off (1) .
Turn off (2) .
Turn on , , .
Turn out (1) .
Turn out (2) , , .
Turn out (3) (, ).
Turn to - .
Turn up (1) (), ().
Turn up (2) , .

Set about ( -), -, (), -; , .

Set apart / aside , (), , ( -), (); (); , , , , ; .

Set back , ( ), ( ), , , ( ); (), ; (-).

Set by , (); , .

Set down , , ; ; , (-); - (-).

Set forth , ; (); , (); , ( ).

Set in , (, ), , ( , ), , ( , , ).

Set off , (), (), , ( ); , , ; - -; , , .

Set out , ; , , , , ( ); , .

Set to , -; , ; , ; -, -.

Set up (), (); , , (); -, -, ; , , ; , ; - .. ( )

Pay back (); ().
Pay in .
Pay off , ( ), , , ; , (), ().
Pay out , ; (, ).
Pay up , , ().

Hold against -, , .
Hold back -, ( ), (), , (), -.
Hold down , , , , , ().
Hold forth , ; .
Hold in , .
Hold off , , (), (), , .
Hold on , ( -, -), , , -.
Hold out (), ; ( ), , , , , .
Hold over , , , , .
Hold together ; , ; .
Hold up (); , ; , ( ), ; ( ), , , .

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, 18 2015 . 15:06 +
In a word... ...
In a nutshell ... ...
In short ... ...
To make a long story short... ...
Summing it up ... ...
So, to sum it up ... , ...
In conclusion... ...
To crown it all ... ...
It is important to note that ... , ...
It is vital to note that ... , ...
It's important to remember that ... , ...
An important point is that ... , ...
What's worse ... ...
It turned out , ...
It is no great surprise that... , ...
On the one hand, ..., on the other hand, ... ..., ...
Luckily / Fortunately / Unfortunately... / / ...
This plays a key / vital / prominent / important / major role in ... / / / / ...
It's well known that ... , ...
So far as we know ... ...
As for ... ...
Concerning ... ..
As a matter of fact ... ...
Actually ... ...
The fact is ... , ...
Speaking of... ...
Regarding... ...
The thing is ... , ...
The trouble is ... , ...
The point is ... , ...
It is not surprising that... , ...
It goes without saying that... , ...
It's self-evident that... , ...
Moreover... ...
What's more ... ...
Besides... ...
In addition ... ...

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""

, 18 2015 . 15:05 +
activity [ktvti]
ancient [ennt]
architecture [ktkt]
arrive [rav]
art gallery [t glri]
attraction [trkn]
beautiful [bjutfl]
breathtaking [bretk]
business district [bzns dstrkt]
castle [ksl]
church [tt]
close [klous]
continue on [kntnju wn]
custom [kstm]
customary [kstmri]
dangerous [dendrs]
depart [dpt]
devastating [devstt]
en route [ rut]
enjoy [nd]
enormous [nms]
entertainment district [nttenmnt dstrkt]
event [vent]
exception [ksepn]
exhibition [ksbn]
expect [kspekt]
extensive [kstensv]
fascinating [fsnt]
gorgeous [gds]
grocery store [grousri st]
heritage [hertd]
highlight [halat]
international [ntnnl]
legend [lednd]
lobby [lbi]
locals [louklz]
location [lken]
lovely [lvli]
magnificent [mgnfsnt]
map [mp]
market [mkt]
monument [mnjmnt]
museum [mjuzm]
necessities [nsestiz]
original state [rdnl stet]
permit [pmt]
photograph [foutgrf]
popular [ppjl]
postcard [poustkd]
prevalent [prevlnt]
proceed [prsid]
questions or concerns [kwestnz knsnz]
raise a hand [rez hnd]
recommend [rkmend]
reconstructed [riknstrktd]
refer [rf]
relax [rlks]
request [rkwest]
restaurant district [restrnt dstrkt]
restored [rstd]
ritual [rtl]
safe [sef]
scenery [sinri]
scenic [sink]
shopping district [p dstrkt]
show someone around [ou smwn rand] -
sit back [st bk] ,
stairway [stew]
superb [supb]
supermarket [supmkt]
surroundings [srandz]
thrilling [rl]
unbelievable [nblivbl]
view [vju]
waterfront [wtfrnt]

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, 18 2015 . 15:03 +
above all -
after all -
and all -
and so on / and so forth -
as a matter of fact -
as things stand now - .
as things turned out -
as to / as for -
at a glance -
at any rate -
at first - -
at least -
believe it or not - ,
by the way -
deep down - ( )
first of all -
for all / for all that -
for example / for instance / for one thing - ,.
for one thing -
for one's part / on one's part -
for the most part -
I dare say - ,.
I wonder. -
if I remember rightly -
if I'm not mistaken -
in a nutshell -
in all probability / in all likelihood -
in any case -
in any event -
in fact -
in my opinion -
In other words - ,
in short / in brief / in a word -
in the long run -
it turned out that - ,
just for the record - ,
lay it on the line -
let alone -
look here -
needless to say -
not to mention -
on the contrary -
one way of another -
or what? - ?
or whatever - -
something tells me - - ,.
that is to say -
that's flat - ! ( )
that's the way things are going. - .
to one's mind - -
to say nothing of -
to say the truth -
to sum up - .
what's more -

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Writing / speaking exercise 200 possible topics

, 18 2015 . 15:02 +
1. People attend school for many different reasons (for example, expanded knowledge, societal awareness, and enhanced interpersonal relationships). Why do you think people decide to go to school? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
2. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Coaches are the best teachers. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
3. Nowadays, with the invention of the microwave and with the popularity of fast food restaurants, food has become easier to prepare than ever. Do you think microwave ovens and fast food restaurants are beneficial to society? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
4. It has been said, "Not all learning takes place in the classroom." Compare and contrast knowledge gained from personal experience with knowledge gained from classroom instruction. In your opinion, which source is more important? Why?
5. Your government has announced that it wishes to build a military base near your community. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this new influence on your community. Do you support or oppose the military base?
6. If you could change one important thing about your country, what would you change? Use reasons and specific examples to support your answer.
7. How does advertising influence people's behavior? Use reasons and specific examples to support your answer.
8. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The invention of the Internet has had negative effects on your civilization. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.
9. Some students prefer to attend a small university. Others prefer to attend a big university. Discuss the advantages of each. Then indicate which type of university you prefer? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.
10."When people succeed in life, it is because of hard work. Being lucky has nothing to do with success in life." Do you agree or disagree with the quotation above? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your position.
11. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Universities should give the same amount of money to their students' sports activities as they give to their university libraries. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.
12. Many people visit museums when they travel to new places. Why do you think people visit museums? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
13. Some people prefer to eat at food stands or restaurants. Other people prefer to prepare and eat food at home. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
14. Some people believe that university students should be required to attend classes. Others believe that going to classes should be optional for students. Which point of view do you agree with? Use specific reasons and details to explain your answer.
15. Neighbors are the people who live near us. In your opinion, what are the qualities of a good neighbor? Use specific details and examples in your answer.
16. It has recently been announced that a new restaurant may be built in your neighborhood. Do you support or oppose this plan? Why? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.
17. Some people think that they can learn better by themselves than with a teacher. Others think that it is always better to have a teacher. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons to develop your essay.
18. What are some important qualities of a good supervisor (boss)? Use specific details and examples to explain why these qualities are important.
19. Should governments spend more money on improving roads and highways, or should governments spend more money on improving public transportation (buses, trains, subways)? Why? Use specific reasons and details to develop your essay.
20. Some people prefer to cook at home. Other people prefer to eat out. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
21. It is better for children to grow up in the countryside than in a big city. Do you agree or disagree? Use specific reasons and examples to develop your essay.
22. In general, people are living longer now. Discuss the causes of this phenomenon. Use specific reasons and details to develop your essay.
23. We all work or will work in our jobs with many different kinds of people. In your opinion, what are some important characteristics of a co-worker (someone you work closely with)? Use reasons and specific examples to explain why these characteristics are important.
24. In some countries, teenagers have jobs while they are still students. Do you think this is a good idea? Support your opinion by using specific reasons and details.
25. A person you know is planning to move to your town or city. What do you think this person would like and dislike about living in your town or city? Why? Use specific reasons and details to develop your essay.
26. It has recently been announced that a large shopping center may be built in your neighborhood. Do you support or oppose this plan? Why? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.
27. It has recently been announced that a new movie theater may be built in your neighborhood. Do you support or oppose this plan? Why? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.
28. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People should sometimes do things that they do not enjoy doing. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
29. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Television, newspapers, magazines, and other media pay too much attention to the personal lives of famous people such as public figures and celebrities. Use specific reasons and details to explain your opinion.
30. Some people believe that the Earth is being harmed (damaged) by human activity. Others feel that human activity makes the Earth a better place to live. What is your opinion? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
31. It has recently been announced that a new high school may be built in your community. Do you support or oppose this plan? Why? Use specific reasons and details in your answer.
32. Some people spend their entire lives in one place. Others move a number of times throughout their lives, looking for a better job, house, community, or even climate. Which do you prefer: staying in one place or moving in search of another place? Use reasons and specific examples to support your opinion.
33. Is it better to enjoy your money when you earn it or is it better to save your money for some time in the future? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.
34. You have received a gift of money. The money is enough to buy either a piece of jewelry you like or tickets to a concert you want to attend. Which would you buy? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.
35. Businesses should hire employees for their entire lives. Do you agree or disagree? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
36. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Attending a live performance (for example, a play, concert, or sporting event) is more enjoyable than watching the same event on television. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.
37. Choose one of the following transportation vehicles and explain why you think it has changed people's lives.
automobiles
bicycles
airplanes
38. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. Do you agree or disagree that progress is always good? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
39. Learning about the past has no value for those of us living in the present. Do you agree or disagree? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
40. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? With the help of technology, students nowadays can learn more information and learn it more quickly. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
41. The expression "Never, never give up" means to keep trying and never stop working for your goals. Do you agree or disagree with this statement? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
42. Some people think that human needs for farmland, housing, and industry are more important than saving land for endangered animals. Do you agree or disagree with this point of view? Why or why not? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
43. What is a very important skill a person should learn in order to be successful in the world today? Choose one skill and use specific reasons and examples to support your choice.
44. Why do you think some people are attracted to dangerous sports or other dangerous activities? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
45. Some people like to travel with a companion. Other people prefer to travel alone. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice.
46. Some people prefer to get up early in the morning and start the day's work. Others prefer to get up later in the day and work until late at night. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice.
47. What are the important qualities of a good son or daughter? Have these qualities changed or remained the same over time in your culture? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
48. Some people prefer to work for a large company. Others prefer to work for a small company. Which would you prefer? Use specific reasons and details to support your choice.
49. People work because they need money to live. What are some other reasons that people work? Discuss one or more of these reasons. Use specific examples and details to support your answer.
50. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Face-to-face communication is better than other types of communication, such as letters, E-mail, or telephone calls. Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.
51. Some people like to do only what they already do well. Other people prefer to try new things and take risks. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice.
52. Some people believe that success in life comes from taking risks or chances. Others believe that success results from careful planning. In your opinion, what does success come from? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
53. What change would make your hometown more appealing to people your age? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.
54. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The most important aspect of a job is the money a person earns. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
55. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? One should never judge a person by external appearances. Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.
56. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? A person should never make an important decision alone. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
57. A company is going to give some money either to support the arts or to protect the environment. Which do you think the company should choose? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
58. Some movies are serious, designed to make the audience think. Other movies are designed primarily to amuse and entertain. Which type of movie do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
59. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Businesses should do anything they can to make a profit. Use specific reasons and examples to support your position.
60. Some people are always in a hurry to go places and get things done. Other people prefer to take their time and live life at a slower pace. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
61. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Games are as important for adults as they are for children. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
62. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Parents or other adult relatives should make important decisions for their older (15 to 18year-old) teenage children. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.
63. What do you want most in a friend someone who is intelligent, or someone who has a sense of humor, or someone who is reliable? Which one of these characteristics is most important to you? Use reasons and specific examples to explain your choice.
64. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Most experiences in our lives that seemed difficult at the time become valuable lessons for the future. Use reasons and specific examples to support our answer. Some people prefer to work for themselves or own a business.
65. Others prefer to work for an employer. Would you rather be self-employed, work for someone else, or own a business? Use specific reasons to explain your choice.
66. Should a city try to preserve its old, historic buildings or destroy them and replace them with modern buildings? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.
67. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Classmates are a more important influence than parents on a child's success in school. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
68. If you were an employer, which kind of worker would you prefer to hire: an inexperienced worker at a lower salary or an experienced worker at a higher salary? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.
69. Many teachers assign homework to students every day. Do you think that daily homework is necessary for students? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.
70. If you could study a subject that you have never had the opportunity to study, what would you choose? Explain your choice, using specific reasons and details.
71. Some people think that the automobile has improved modern life. Others think that the automobile has caused serious problems. What is your opinion? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
72. Which would you choose: a high-paying job with long hours that would give you little time with family and friends or a lower-paying job with shorter hours that would give you more time with family and friends? Explain your choice, using specific reasons and details.
73. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Grades (marks) encourage students to learn. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.
74. Some people say that computers have made life easier and more convenient. Other people say that computers have made life more complex and stressful. What is your opinion? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
75. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The best way to travel is in a group led by a tour guide. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
76. Some universities require students to take classes in many subjects. Other universities require students to specialize in one subject. Which is better? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
77. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Children should begin learning a foreign language as soon as they start school. Use specific reasons and examples to support your position.
78. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Boys and girls should attend separate schools. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
79. Is it more important to be able to work with a group of people on a team or to work independently? Use reasons and specific examples to support your answer.
80. Your city has decided to build a statue or monument to honor a famous person in your country. Who would you choose? Use reasons and specific examples to support your choice.

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, 18 2015 . 15:00 +
begin - ()
appear -
be late -
continue - ()
take - ()
put off -
finish -
end - () 2
stop -
cease -
move - ()
lift -
raise -
rise -
lower -
go out -
go in -
leave -
cross -
go along -
follow -
turn right/left - ,
arrive -
return -
go - ,
come -
go on foot -
run -
fly -
ride - /
be -
have -
there is -
be present -
be sufficient -
be absent -
be empty -
gather - ()
add -
fill -
be full -
reduce -
exclude -
spend -
spoil -
remain -
keep -
possess -
belong -
contain -

march -
walk -
run -
crawl -
tiptoe -
drag -
push -
jump -
leap - ( )
hop -
skip -
hit -
stretch - ,
lift -
put down -
dive -
lean - ,
sit -
crouch -
squat -
bend -
pick up -
hold -
carry -
slap/hit - ( )
punch -
kick -
catch -
throw -
pull -

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, 18 2015 . 14:56 +
weather
weather forecast
weatherman
weather station

Ҹ :
bright / clear
sunny
muggy
sultry ,
dry
hot
warm
sticky
fresh
heat ,

:
cool ,
chilly ,
cold
hazy / misty / foggy
windy
frosty / freezing
cloudy

:
sky
cloud ,
dense clouds
low, black clouds ,
heavy grey clouds
overcast , , ( )
sun
moon
star

:
wind
cold wind
cold biting wind
breath of air / puff of wind
breeze
slight wind / moderate wind
gale / strong wind
gust of wind
hurricane / very strong wind ,
blizzard
blinding snowstorm
squall
storm
whirlwind , ,
tornado / twister (AmE) , ,

, :
thunderstorm
lightning
thunder
it lightens
it thunders
thunder-cloud
dark

, :
humidity ,
frost
shower
drizzle
precipitation
rain ; ( )
snow ; ( )
snowfall
snowdrift
snowflake
hail
storm
mist ,
fog
dew
sleet

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