-

   Meness

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(0)

C E

, 18 2015 . 14:55 +
, , , . , , .

Excuse me, could you help me, please? , ?
May I ask you a question? ?
What time is it? ?
What do you call this thing in English? -?
Thank you. I really appreciate your help. . .
You are welcome. .


Do you have any vacancies? I need a single room/a double room/a suite for a week. ? / / .
I have a reservation for a single room. I'd like to check in. . .
What is the daily rate for a single room? ?
Is there European electrical outlet/socket in the room? - ?
Is there a restaurant in the hotel? ?
When is breakfast served? ?


. , .
Where can I find a map? ?
Could you tell me how do I get to the museum, please? , , ?
How long will it take to get there? ?
Where is the bus stop, please? - ?


, , , .
Where does this bus go? - ?
, , :
Id like to buy a weekly metropass/metrocard. .


, , .
When does the museum open/close? / ?
How much does one adult ticket cost? ?
Could you tell me, where is the exit, please? , ?


, , , .
Could you tell me where is the nearest supermarket /grocery store, please? , / ?
How much is it? / How much does it cost? ?
Where are the dressing rooms? Where can I try it on? ? ?
May I pay by a credit/debit card? Or should I pay in cash? - / ? ?


, , -.
Where can I change money? ?
When does the bank open/close? / ?
Where is the nearest cash machine? ?
ould you give me some change, please? ?

/
, , .
Id like orange juice, ham sandwich, French fries and salad. , , .
Could you tell me where the restrooms are? , ?
May I have the bill/check, please? - , ?
Can I see the manager, please? ?

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-

, 18 2015 . 14:54 +
,
I don't care
I don't give a damn
I have no idea
(I) Havent (got) a clue
I wish I knew
It doesn't make sense
It doesn't matter
It doesn't prove a thing
It's a waste of time
It's all the same to me
It's none of your business
It's out of the question
Let's drop this subject
Mind your own business
That's not the point

So what? ?
What are you driving at? ?
What (the hell) are you talking about? ?!
What for? ?
What of it? ?
Who cares? ?
Why on earth ...? ... ?

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" "

, 18 2015 . 14:52 +
Come in, please! - , !
I'm glad to see you! - !
It's very kind of you to come. - , .
This way, please! - , !
Let me show you around! - !
Excuse me for this mess. - .
Make yourself at home! - !
Dinner's ready! - !
Won't you sit down? - , !
Would you have some salad? - ?
Would you like some more? - , , !
Help yourself to some candy! - , , !
Have another cup of tea! - !
Thanks a lot for your nice party! - !
It's been nice talking to you! - !
I'm afraid I must be going now. - , .
Drop in when you come this way. - , .
Thank you. I'll be glad to. - , .

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15 ,

, 18 2015 . 14:51 +
, , , . , , , , . - , . " ". , , , .

Whoopensocker (.), - - "" "" "", , whoopensocker - - .

Snirt (.), - , : , . , : "- snirty ".

Wapatuli (.), - , wapatuli - , - , , , - - , "". -.

Jabble (.), - , , . , 15 , . , , , , , , , , , .

Sneetered (.), - , , , , sneetered. , - Snitter - , , , .

Snoopy (.), , - , - , .

Arky (.), - Noah's Ark - . , - arky, , , .

Faunch (.), - " ", , , , - , . , "" , - faunch.

Chinchy (.), - "" "", "". , , , , , , .

Larruping (.), , - -, , "", "", " ", " " . - , . "larruping good".

Burk (.), - , "" , "", .

Snuggy (.) , - , - - , , , .

Jasm (.), - " ". : " , , , jasm".

Mug-up (.), - , , , - mag-up - "-".

Bufflehead (.), - , . - . , . , , , , .

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Continuous

, 18 2015 . 14:46 +

1. Present Continuous ( )
• , ( ) : «, , , ».
• : now, still, at present, at the moment, while, meanwhile.
• to be + –ing: I am reading. He is reading. You are reading.
• : to be + not + –ing. They are not reading.
• : Are they reading?

2. Past Continuous ( )
• , : « , ».
• : still, while, during, for 3 hours/days/weeks, all day long yesterday, from … till …
• : was/were + –ing. I was eating all day long.
• : was/were + not + –ing. They were not playing.
• : Was she playing?

3. Future Continuous ( )
• , : « ».
• : still, from … to …, meanwhile, for 3 hours/days/years, during.
• : will/shall + be + –ing. They will be laughing.
• : will/shall + not + be + –ing. I will not be crying.
• : Will it be raining?
, , Present Continuous, - . , .


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, 18 2015 . 14:43 +

1) come on! - ; ,
“Come on, what’s on your mind?”

2) come up -
I will not be able to visit you tonight if something else comes up.

3) come up with (something) - , ,
I tried to come up with a good excuse.

4) deal with (something) - -, -
I will deal with the problem later.

5) end up (doing something or going somewhere)
- -, , ,
We ended up visiting our friend after shopping last night.

6) figure out (someone or something) - , ,
She finally figured out how to use MacBook.

7) fill in (something) -
“Please try to fill in this form without corrections.”

8) find out (something) - -
The parents got furious when they found out that their son was expelled.

9) get back to (something) -
I am always happy to get back to my work after my holiday.

10) get into (something) - , -
I never get into an argument with my boss.

11) get into (somewhere) - -
I dream about getting into a good university.

12) get out of (somewhere) - , ,
“Now, let’s get out of here.”

13) get rid of (something) -
I want to get rid of my old computer.

14) get through (something) - -
I have to get through my reading before tomorrow.

15) go ahead - -
“Go ahead, we’re all listening.”

16) go on - ()
The film will probably go on for another hour.

17) go over (something) - ,
I plan to go over your task later.

18) go with (something) - -
I decided to go with cake rather than ice-cream.

19) hang out (somewhere/with someone) - -/ -,
I haven’t been hanging out much lately .

20) hold on - ; ;
“Please, hold on for a moment! I have to check the lock.”


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, 18 2015 . 14:42 +
: (colon)
" (quote)
; (semi colon)
(apostrophe single quote)
< (less than)
> (greater than)
? (question mark)
, (comma)
. (dot, period full stop) ( dot , , email web ; full stop (. .) period (. .) , )
~ (tilde) -
! (exclamation mark)
@ (at)
# (number hash) ,
$ (dollar)
% (percent)
^ (caret)
& (ampersand)
* (asterisk)
( (open left parenthesis)
) (close right parenthesis)
_ (underscore horizontal bar)
+ (plus)
` (acute)
- (dash hyphen)
= (equals)
{ (open left curly brace)
} (close right curly brace)
| (pipe vertical bar)
[ (open left square bracket)
] (close right square bracket)
\ (reverse solidus backslash) /
/ (solidus forward slash) /

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Past Simple Tense

, 18 2015 . 14:41 +
Past Simple , . , .. , , . Past Simple , , .

Past Simple :

1. , yesterday , last week , an hour ago , at six o'clock , the other day , on Monday , in 1917 1917 , during the war ..:

I spoke to him yesterday. .
I received a letter from him last week. .
He came at five o'clock. .
The goods arrived the other day. .
The negotiations ended on Saturday. .

:
I saw him when I was in Minsk. , .
I spoke to him about it when we met in the dining room. , .
He called when I was at the Institute. , .

, , , :
I bought this book in Minsk. (: ).
I recognized him with difficulty. (: ).

2. , , :

came home, had dinner, read the newspaper and began to do his lessons. , , .
He left the hotel, took a taxi and drove to the theatre. , .
The manager entered the office, sat down at his desk, and began to look through the morning mail. , .
When I arrived at the railway station, I went to the booking-office and bought a ticket. , .

3. , :
Last year I went to the theatre every week. .
Last winter I often worked in the library. .
While she was in Moscow, she called on us every evening. , .

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(0)

, 18 2015 . 14:41 +
cat (kitty) [kt], ['kt] - ()
cow [kau] -
dog (puppy) [dg], ['pp] - ()
donkey ['dk] -
goat [gut] -
hamster ['hmst] -
horse [hs] -
pig [pg] -
pony ['pun] -
rabbit (bunny) ['rbt], ['bn] -
sheep [ip] -

bat [bt] -
bear [b] -
beaver -
camel ['km()l] -
cheetah -
crocodile, alligator ['krkdal], ['lget] - ()
deer [d] -
dolphin ['dlfn] -
elephant ['elfnt] -
fish [f] -
fox [fks] -
frog [frg] -
giraffe ['rf] -
hare [h] -
hedgehog ['hehg] -
hippopotamus (hippo) [hp'ptms], ['hpu] -
kangaroo [kg()'ru] -
leopard ['lepd] -
lion ['lan] -
monkey ['mk] -
mouse [maus] -
octopus ['ktps] -
panda ['pnd] -
panther ['pn] -
penguin ['pegwn] -
polecat -
raccoon [r'kun] -
rat [rt] -
rhinoceros (rhino) [ra'ns()rs] , ['ranu] -
shark [k] -
snake [snek] -
squirrel ['skwr()l] -
tiger ['tag] -
toad -
turtle -
whale [wel] -
wolf [wulf] -
zebra -

chicken (hen)] -
dove -
eagle -
flamingo [fl'mgu] -
magpie -
ostrich -
owl -
parrot ['prt] -
raven ['rev()n] -
sparrow -
turkey -

bee -
beetle -
butterfly ['btfla] -
dragonfly ['drg()nfla] -
fly [fla] -
ladybird ['ledbd] -
mosquito [ms'kitu] -
spider -
worm -

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Future in the Past

, 18 2015 . 14:40 +
Future in the Past

, .
:

We wondered if the train would arrive in time.
, .
Future in the Past said (that), told (that), thought (that) . .

Future in the Past:

Simple Future in the Past
, :

He said he would go to the dentist.
, .
Continuous Future in the Past
, , :

He was planning how he would be sipping cocktail on his vacation.
, .
Perfect Future in the Past
, , :

We hoped we should have done our homework by midday.
, .
Perfect Continuous Future in the Past
, , , :

He told us he would have been working on the plant for 30 years next December.
, 30 , .

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(beautiful, lovely, handsome, good-looking, pretty)

, 18 2015 . 14:39 +
beautiful, lovely, handsome, good-looking, pretty .

beautiful " ". , , , .. beautiful ', ':

Julia had the most beautiful face he had ever seen.
, - .

William cared for beautiful things.
.

The swallow flew over the city and saw the rich making merry in their beautiful houses.
, .

, beautiful .

handsome ' , '. handsome ''.

handsome :

Dorian was very young and handsome.
.

, handsome :

Would you describe Betty as beautiful or handsome?
?

handsome :

What a handsome old building it is!
!

lovely , . lovely '', '', '' , :

The tears were running over her lovely face.
.

What a lovely sight!
!

good-looking , ; . good-looking '', ' () ':

Della never told me that her brother was so good-looking.
, .

Felix was very good-looking, tall and broad-shouldered with a fine figure of an athlete.
, , .

pretty ', '. ', ' - - :

A pretty little house stood at the top of the lane with a garden in front of it.
.

Pretty , :

John's son is a pretty little boy of five.
.

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(0)

, 18 2015 . 14:38 +
Nature \

air / e / -
atmosphere / tmsf / -
biosphere / basf / -
blizzard / blzd / -
bog / bg / -
clay / kle / -
cloud / klaud / -
coast / kust / -
downpour / daunp / -
flooding / fld / -
forest / frst /-
greenhouse effect / grinhaus 'fekt / -
habitat / hbtt / -
hill / hl / -
humidity / hju'mdt / -
hurricane / hrkn / -

- to pollute the air -
- Factories are polluting the air. .

- to go up a hill -
We should go up a hill there and we will see a river in front of us. .

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(0)

, 18 2015 . 14:37 +
Are you up to it? ?
an all-rounder
an armchair traveler ( )
at your service
a backbreaking
a bad apple in the basket
to be caught in the act
to be home and dry
to be in the doghouse
to be on the house ( , )
to be on the same wavelength ( )
to be out of earshot ( )
to be running low ,
a beer belly
a bench warmer
beyond a shadow of doubt
a big fish = a big shot
to bump into someone / to run into someone - ( )
to call names
to catch up on old times
come to the point
a cooked-up story
to cut a deal with somebody - ( )
a cut-and-dried solution
day and night , ()
a dead giveaway
to do something in double-quick time -
Dont beat about the bush. .
Dont digress from the issue. He .
Dont get onto the bandwagon. , .
Dont lose your nerve. He .
Dont pull a fast one on me. He .
Dont spring a surprise. .
to earn the living
an egghead
a fender-bender car accident
Fill me in with the details. .
fond memories
for once
to get fresh with someone ()
to get mugged
to give it a go (- )
to have no idea
to have pipe dreams
cracked up with laughter. .
dotes on her. .
he has got deep pockets
is driving in the fast lane. = is living on the edge. .
is over the hill now. , .
is poker-faced. , .
is randy as hell. , .
h shot his bolt
was out of his depth. .
went around the bend. .
will be where the action is. .
to hit the bottle
I am through for the day. .
I bought it for a song. .
I dont know him a great deal. .
I dont see eye to eye with him. - ( ).
I dont see much of him. .
I ran hell for leather. .
In the end things will even out. .
Ive had my fill. .
I was all ears. .
I wish I could turn it around. .
I wont rat on you. .
I would rather not (do something) = I'd rather not ( -)
if your hunch turns out to be right
It goes over my head. .
it goes without saying
It really took a load off. !
Its easy on the pocket. .
its raining cats and dogs
it is about time we leave
it is not my cup of tea ( , )
it is not too much of a bother
it seems to be on the cards
It was one hell of a day. !
it wont keep you very long
Keep things to yourself. .
to kick the bucket ()
kinky stuff
Lets face it. ( ).
Lets quit when the going is still good. , .
Lets start afresh. .
loads of something -
a lovely-dovey person ,
a man of action
a man-eater
to make up for lost time
My contacts have all gone cold. .
a nine days wonder
a peppy girl ,
to place more value on something -
The project is in cold storage. .
round the clock ,
seed money
Scotch flowed freely like water. .
The day began on the wrong foot. .
to see through someone - , -
someones blue-eyed boy -
Take your pick. .
to take ones breath away (, )
to talks through ones hat
that settles the issue
There is light at the end of the tunnel. .
They took him to the cleaners. .
things were at sixes and sevens
This bugs me no end. .
This calls for some celebration. .
to top it all / to crown it all
You are slow to catch on. .
you can count on my support
You have been taken for a ride. ().
you have done nothing out of turn
Your eyes will pop out. .
We will go Dutch. .
within a matter of months
Would you like a peg or two? ?

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(0)

, 18 2015 . 14:36 +
Honey, hunny - , ,
Babe - ,
Darling - , ,
Sweetheart - (),
Sweety, Sweetie - , ,
Sweetums -
Sunshine -
Dearie, Dearheart - ,
Cutie - , ,
Bubbles - ,

pumpkin - , ()

Sweetie Pie - , ,
Snookums - ()
pookie -
boo - ,
Muffin - , ""
lovebug - ()
Wifey - ,
Shorty - ,
upcake - , ,

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- Student's life

, 18 2015 . 14:34 +
- Ill have to hit the books tomorrow
, - I hate pounding the books, but therell be an exam next week
. - We buddy up with him. Thats cheaper
- Im living on campus
- Hes our double-dome
! - Rattling!
- Lets drop to the beanery
- Hes over there in the john, ralphing up his dinner
- We can skip the second class
, - If you ditch the classes too often, youll get thrown out
- He likes to hang it up
- Ill skip the classes
, - If Im wrong, Ill eat my hat
, ! - Youre a super-strap!
- I swallowed the dictionary
- I just got buffaloed
- Mopping-up operation
. - Our tutors sick. We had a fill-in
- Ive got the credits down
, , - Im taught everything in college but the facts of life
! - Another bring-down!
- This problem is a real bear
! - Thats a brain child!
- - Lets try to brainstorm together
- Thats gonna be a brain teaser
- Thats a brain-twister
- He flunked out of school
- It sounds Greek to me
- I played hookey from school today
! - No pipe!
- My unitsll give me hell
. - Dont pad the answer. Just stick to the point
, ?
You think Im going to win the scolarship? Fat chance - !
Lets rally!
! - Thats a real joy ride!
- Hes a grade-grubber
- I used to be brains
( , ) - I used to be at math (pure sciences, art)
! - Hes a squid among us!
- - Freshman
( , ) - Im a soph (sophomore junior, undergraduate)
? - Whats your latest I.Q?
- - All that is a shap course
- - Im a techie
- Youll have to work yourself up to the exam
- This course is a skull-buster
? - What option is your choice
- Weve got some shmens in the hostel
- He-s resdy to goldbrick
, ! ! - Heres my sheepskin, folks! Be happy!
- We had a shotgun wedding
- My pops rather well-fixed
- I graduated with flying colors

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(0)

, 18 2015 . 14:33 +
- Thanks
1. ( ). - It was very kind of you to do it.
2. . - Thank you very much.
3. , ( , , ). - Thank you for doing it (for coming, for telling).
4. , . - Thank you, anyway.
5. . - Thank you in advance.
6. He (3). - Don't mention it.
7. He . - Not at all.
8. . - You are welcome.

- Apologies
1. . - Excuse my being late.
2. . - I must apologize to you.
3. , , . - Forgive me, please, I meant well.
4. . - I am sorry.
5. . - I beg your pardon.
6. , . - Excuse my interrupting you.
7. , . - Sorry, I have kept you waiting.
8. . - I did not mean to hurt you. I meant no offence.
9. He . - Don't be cross with me.

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(0)

, 18 2015 . 14:33 +
almanac
annotation
atlas
author
binding
book
booklet , ,
bookmark / bookmarker
chapter
children's book
classical literature
contents ,
cover
dictionary
drama
encyclopedia
epilogue
essay - ,
fable
fairy tale
fantasy
fiction
flash fiction / microfiction
guide book
handbook ,
horror fiction , ,
illustrated book
introduction
memoir / reminiscence [ remi'nisns ]
modern literature
nonfiction / non-fiction
novel
novella / short novel
pamphlet / booklet
paragraph
passage
picture book ()
pocketbook / pocket edition ,
poem
poetry
preface
prologue
prose
reference book / book of reference
rhyme ,
saga
satire
science fiction
sonnet
story / short story
technical literature
text
textbook
thesaurus
title
translation
urban legend / urban myth / urban tale / contemporary legend ,
volume
writer

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(0)

C

, 18 2015 . 14:32 +
1. As well as ( )
People hear with their skin as well as their ears. , .
2. Bothand (, )
She is both an intelligent boss and a good mother. , .
3. Neithernor ()
We are neither for nor against it. , .
4. Not onlybut also ( , )
Wooden furniture is not only beautiful but also elegant. , .
5. Nor ( , )
Chris will not accept help, nor yet advice. , .
6. And ( )
I shall go, and you stay here and wait for him. , .
7. But (, )
He never remembers my birthday but I dont take offence at him. , .
8. However (, )
This dress is very expensive; however, it is worth it. ; , .
9. Nevertheless ( )
Nevertheless what are we doing here anyway? , ?
10. While ( , , )
While she was out, I managed to read several chapters of the book. , .
11. Still ( )
She has many drawbacks, still I love her. , .
12. Whereas ( , )
I often fell sick, whereas my mother is never ill. , .
13. Yet ( , )
He is good to me, yet I dislike him. , , .
14. Or (, )
Shall we keep in the fire or let it out? ?
15. Eitheror (, )
You may either leave or stay as you wish. , ,

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, (, , )

, 18 2015 . 14:31 +
First and foremost - ; -
The first reason why - , ...
Secondly - -
In fact - ,
In other words -
What is more -
Furthermore - ,
However - ,
Actually - -,
Basically - ,
Understandably - ; ,
Come to think of it -
Not surprisingly -
Although -
Even though -
On the one hand...on the other hand... - ... ...
It is worth considering -
So - ,
Finally -
As a result -
To sum up - ,
On balance -
Consequently -

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(0)

, 18 2015 . 14:30 +
Use your own judgement
What are you driving at? ?
What are you talking about? !
What for? ?
What of it? ?
You can take it from me
I dont care
I have no idea
I mean it!
I wish I knew !
It doesnt matter
It doesnt make sense
It doesnt prove a thing
It s none of your business
Its a lie
Its all the same to me
Its beside the point
Its new to me
Its out of place
Its up to you
Its waste of time
Lets clear it up .
Lets drop the subject
Mind ones own business
no matter
point of view
pro and con
say ones say
side against
So what? ?
speak ones mind
stand ones ground
stand to reason ,
take a side
take a stand
take into account
Thats not the point
Thats very well, but , .
to ones face ( )
up against

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